Phyllocosmus lemaireanus (De Wild. & T. Durand) T. Durand & H. Durand

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Phyllocosmus lemaireanus

A very floriferous small tree;
Bundabunda; Nov 1976.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Phyllocosmus lemaireanus

White flowers dripping with nectar;
Bundabunda; Nov 1975.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Phyllocosmus lemaireanus

Miombo Woodland; North Luangwa NP; Aug 2009.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Phyllocosmus lemaireanus

The fruit is a 1-3-seeded capsule;
Bundabunda; Jul 1975.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Phyllocosmus lemaireanus

Picture: Rita Herbert

Phyllocosmus lemaireanus

Picture: Patricia Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ochthocosmus lemaireanus De Wild. & T. Durand
Phyllocosmus candidus Engl. & Gilg
Common names: Chikubo (Luvale) Kampombwe (Bemba) Mubale (Bemba) Mulumbulumbu (Lunda) Mulumbwa (Bemba) Mulumbwelumbwe (Kaonde)
Frequency: Widespread, not threatened
Status: Native
A small tree, briefly deciduous, but in western Zambia and Angola it appears also as a suffrutex, in miombo woodland. Bark rough with brick-red slash. Plants in the eastern parts of its range have densely pubescent young shoots. Leaves glabrous, simple, alternate, usually with a few teeth towards the apex. 1-3 short racemes in the leaf axils. Occasionally very floriferous with white flowers, dripping with nectar, before or after the rainy season.
Type location:
DRC, Katanga
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Miombo Woodland
Altitude range: 950 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,N,E,C,Lk
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 25 January 2013

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 343. (Includes a picture).

Robson, N.K.B. (1963). Ixonanthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 100 - 102. As Ochthocosmus lemaireanus (Includes a picture).

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 72 - 73. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Phyllocosmus lemaireanus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Phyllocosmus lemaireanus
Flora of Mozambique: Phyllocosmus lemaireanus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phyllocosmus lemaireanus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phyllocosmus lemaireanus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phyllocosmus lemaireanus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phyllocosmus lemaireanus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Phyllocosmus lemaireanus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phyllocosmus lemaireanus
JSTOR Plant Science: Phyllocosmus lemaireanus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phyllocosmus lemaireanus
Plants of the World Online: Phyllocosmus lemaireanus
Tropicos: Phyllocosmus lemaireanus
Wikipedia: Phyllocosmus lemaireanus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Phyllocosmus lemaireanus., retrieved 24 April 2024

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