Limnobium laevigatum (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Heine

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Limnobium laevigatum

In the lagoons and backwaters of the river;
Lower Zambezi NP ; May 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Synonyms: Hydromystria laevigata (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Díaz.-Mir. & Philcox
Salvinia laevigata Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
Common names:
Status: Introduced
Aquatic herb. Young leaves subcircular, floating, hairless and glossy above, with a thick layer of air-filled spongy tissue beneath; base rounded or shallowly cordate. More mature plants have clustered larger leaves that are held more erect above the water surface on long petioles.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: laevigatum: smooth
Habitat: Floating in water, at the edges of dams and in the backwaters of rivers.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Scattered through northern Venezuela, Central Mexico, Central America, West Indies and South America, except Chile.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces):
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 17 July 2013

Howard, G.W., Hyde, M.A. & Bingham, M.G. (2016). Alien Limnobium laevigatum (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Heine (Hydrocharitaceae) becoming prevalent in Zimbabwe and Zambia BioInvasions Records 5(4) Pages 221 - 225. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Limnobium laevigatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Limnobium laevigatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Limnobium laevigatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Limnobium laevigatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Limnobium laevigatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Limnobium laevigatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Limnobium laevigatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Limnobium laevigatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Limnobium laevigatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Limnobium laevigatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Limnobium laevigatum
Plants of the World Online: Limnobium laevigatum
Tropicos: Limnobium laevigatum
Wikipedia: Limnobium laevigatum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Limnobium laevigatum., retrieved 21 February 2024

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