Treculia africana Decne.
subsp. africana
var. africana

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Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected from the Ntumbachusi Falls; Sep 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana

Asymmetric leaf-base & stipule
jun 2013
Photo: Mike Bingham

Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana

Inflorescence female
jun 2013
Photo: Mike Bingham

Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana

Inflorescence male
Sep 2013
Photo: Mike Bingham

Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana

Female inflorescence after flowering
Oct 2007
Photo: Mike Bingham

Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana

The ripe infructescence fallen to the ground
Dec 2009
Photo: Mike Bingham

Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana

Seed in sectioned infructescence
Ntumbachusi falls
Dec 1978
Photo: Mike Bingham

Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana

Tree in its natural wet forest habitat
Katanga Prov, DRC;
Oct 2007
Photo: Jos Stevens

Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana

Tree in its natural wet forest habitat
Katanga Prov, DRC;
Oct 2007
Photo: Jos Stevens

Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana

Tree in its natural wet forest habitat
Katanga Prov, DRC;
Oct 2007
Photo: Jos Stevens

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: African breadfruit (English: Zambia)
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Description:
Tree up to 30 m., evergreen, with milky latex. Bole fluted, bark smooth, grey-brown. Leaves alternate, lamina oblong-lanceolate, base slightly asymmetric. Male flowers cover the surface of golf ball sized inflorescences; the female inflorescence is up to about 15 cm in diameter; the mature infructescence is about the size of a football.
Type location:
Notes: The pulp of the ‘fruit’ is inedible, but the seeds are eaten in West Africa.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: Swamp and riverine forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal and Southern Sudan to Mozambique, Malawi and northern Angola.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Lp,N
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species: Cyrestis camillus sublineata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 17 December 2015
Literature:

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 22 - 24. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 124 - 125.

Other sources of information about Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana
Flora of Mozambique: Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Treculia africana
African Plant Database: Treculia africana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Treculia africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Treculia africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Treculia africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Treculia africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Treculia africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Treculia africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Treculia africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Treculia africana
Ispot Southern Africa: Treculia africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Treculia africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Treculia africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Treculia africana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Treculia africana
Tropicos: Treculia africana


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Treculia africana subsp. africana var. africana.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=184170, retrieved 17 October 2018

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