Raphionacme lanceolata Schinz

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Raphionacme lanceolata

Dry grassland
Lusaka National Park
Dec 2016
Photo: Nick Wightman

Raphionacme lanceolata

Dry grassland
Lusaka National Park
Dec 2016
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Raphionacme lanceolata Schinz var. latifolia N.E. Br.
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb, up to 60 cm high, growing from a sub-spherical tuber, up to 35 cm in diameter. Stems up to 50 cm long, rarely longer, spreading horizontally, rarely erect, more or less densely velvety. Leaves opposite, mostly narrowly ovate-elliptic, ovate or obovate, 3-9 cm long, more or less densely velvety on both surfaces, sometimes dotted with reddish glands; petiole 2-10 mm long. Flowers in axillary, up to 15-flowered heads, more or less densely velvety. Corolla lobes spreading, oblong-ovate, c. 5 × 2 mm, mostly green, sometimes mauve, bluish or greenish-brown with mauve tips. Corona green to brownish or purplish-green; lobes simple, 4-8 mm long, with a deeply bifid apex. Fruit a single follicle, rarely paired, erect, narrowly ovoid, 5.5-11.5 cm long, tapering, finely velvety.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In sandy, gravelly or rocky soils in grassy clearings in open woodland, often with Acacia or mopane.
Altitude range: 500 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Jan - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 14 July 2020

Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 40 - 41.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 29.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 198.

Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A Taxonomic revision of Raphionacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75(2) Pages 318 - 320.

Other sources of information about Raphionacme lanceolata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Raphionacme lanceolata
Flora of Caprivi: Raphionacme lanceolata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Raphionacme lanceolata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Raphionacme lanceolata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Raphionacme lanceolata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Raphionacme lanceolata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Raphionacme lanceolata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Raphionacme lanceolata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Raphionacme lanceolata
JSTOR Plant Science: Raphionacme lanceolata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Raphionacme lanceolata
Plants of the World Online: Raphionacme lanceolata
Tropicos: Raphionacme lanceolata
Wikipedia: Raphionacme lanceolata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Raphionacme lanceolata.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=184370, retrieved 27 February 2024

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