Raphionacme madiensis S. Moore

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Raphionacme madiensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

Raphionacme madiensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

Raphionacme madiensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

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Synonyms: Raphionacme wilczekiana Germain
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb, up to 20 cm high, growing from a sub-spherical tuber, up to 16 cm in diameter. Stems with much milky sap, 1-several, 10-16 cm long, erect to spreading, somewhat roughly hairy. Leaves opposite, more or less narrowly ovate-elliptic, ovate or obovate, 7-14.5 cm long, green above, paler below, finely velvety with denser indumentum on the much paler veins, wrinkled; margin wavy; petiole 5-20 mm long. Flowers in axillary and terminal, many-flowered heads, more or less roughly hairy. Corolla lobes spreading, oblong-ovate to oblong-triangular, 5-7 mm long, dull green to whitish-green with brown, pink, magenta or violet streaks, tips or margins. Corona lobes apically 3-segmented; central segment 5-7 mm long, linear to filiform; lateral segments 2-3 mm long, hairless or papillose. Fruit a single erect follicle, ovoid, 4.5-6 cm long, tapering.
Type location:
Uganda
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: madiensis: of Madi in Uganda, where the type specimen was collected.
Habitat: In a variety of habitats from open savanna and grassland to rocky outcrops and shallow rock basins on limestone silt, grey clay, grey sandy clay-loam and orange-red loam.
Altitude range: 700 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Sep - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Burundi, DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces):
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 26 May 2021
Literature:

Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(3) Page 39.

Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A Taxonomic revision of Raphionacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75(2) Pages 327 - 330. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Raphionacme madiensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Raphionacme madiensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Raphionacme madiensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Raphionacme madiensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Raphionacme madiensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Raphionacme madiensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Raphionacme madiensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Raphionacme madiensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Raphionacme madiensis
iNaturalist: Raphionacme madiensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Raphionacme madiensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Raphionacme madiensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Raphionacme madiensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Raphionacme madiensis
Plants of the World Online: Raphionacme madiensis
Tropicos: Raphionacme madiensis
Wikipedia: Raphionacme madiensis


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Raphionacme madiensis.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=184380, retrieved 14 June 2021

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