Acanthus ueleensis De Wild.

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Acanthus ueleensis

Picture: David Gwynne-Evans
Mt Mabu

Acanthus ueleensis

Picture: David Gwynne-Evans
Mt Mabu

Acanthus ueleensis

Picture: David Gwynne-Evans
Mt Mabu

Acanthus ueleensis

Picture: David Gwynne-Evans
Lower slopes Mt Mabu

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Synonyms: Acanthus montanus sensu C.B. Clarke
Acanthus vandermeirenii De Wild.
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb, up to c. 1 m tall, rarely taller, growing from a creeping rhizome. Leaves elliptic to obovate in outline, up to 30 cm long, varying from unlobed with remote, spiny teeth to deeply lobed with oblong to triangular spine-tipped lobes; surface rough with scattered stiff, bulbous-based hairs; petiole up to 2.5 cm long; stipule-like samll interpetiolar leaves absent. Inflorescences solitary, terminal, usually 3-15 cm long; bracts, green or purple-tipped, elliptic-obovate, more or less densely puperulous, 2.5-4.7 cm long; apical part, triangular, spine-tipped, with 4-12 large and small teeth each side. Flowers more or less pale pink to mauve. Capsule c. 2.5 cm long.
Type location:
Notes: Not recorded for Zambia in FZ 8(5)
Derivation of specific name: ueleensis: of the Uele River in DR congo, where the type specimen was found.
Habitat: Understorey of forest, often along streams or in swampy places.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia(?).
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 48. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 21.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 72.

Vollesen, K. (2009). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 94 - 95.

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Pages 57 - 59. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acanthus ueleensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Acanthus ueleensis
Flora of Malawi: Acanthus ueleensis
Flora of Mozambique: Acanthus ueleensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acanthus ueleensis
African Plant Database: Acanthus ueleensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acanthus ueleensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acanthus ueleensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acanthus ueleensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acanthus ueleensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acanthus ueleensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Acanthus ueleensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acanthus ueleensis
Plants of the World Online: Acanthus ueleensis
Tropicos: Acanthus ueleensis
Wikipedia: Acanthus ueleensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Acanthus ueleensis., retrieved 30 November 2023

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