Oldenlandia herbacea (L.) Roxb.[Agg]

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Oldenlandia herbacea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Oldenlandia herbacea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Oldenlandia herbacea

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Synonyms: Hedyotis herbacea L.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Annual or perennial herb with much-branched wiry stems, often intertwined. Leaves small, linear lanceolate. Flowers solitary or in pairs on longish stalks, axillary at the nodes, up to 5 mm in diameter, white or pale mauve.
Type location:
Sri Lanka
Notes: Three varieties occur in Zambia: Var. herbacea has shorter flowers, the corolla tube 2-3.5 mm in length; var. goetzei Bremek. has longer flowers, the corolla tube 5-11 mm in length.; var. papillosa (Chiov.) Bremek. also has shorter flowers but has the ovary and capsule shortly hairy or distinctly papillose.
Derivation of specific name: herbacea: herb-like or herbaceous; not woody
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, from dry woodland to damp grassland and seepage zones and roadsides.
Altitude range: Up to 1850 m
Flowering time:Sep - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa and Asia, Madagascar and other Indian Ocean Islands.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 245. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 73. as var. goetzei and var. herbacea

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 134 - 136.

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 58. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Oldenlandia herbacea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Oldenlandia herbacea
Flora of Malawi: Oldenlandia herbacea
Flora of Mozambique: Oldenlandia herbacea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Oldenlandia herbacea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Oldenlandia herbacea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Oldenlandia herbacea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Oldenlandia herbacea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Oldenlandia herbacea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Oldenlandia herbacea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Oldenlandia herbacea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Oldenlandia herbacea
iNaturalist: Oldenlandia herbacea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Oldenlandia herbacea
JSTOR Plant Science: Oldenlandia herbacea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Oldenlandia herbacea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Oldenlandia herbacea
Plants of the World Online: Oldenlandia herbacea
The Plant List (version 1.1): Oldenlandia herbacea
Tropicos: Oldenlandia herbacea
Wikipedia: Oldenlandia herbacea


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Oldenlandia herbacea.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=184980, retrieved 2 July 2020

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