Dicliptera carvalhoi Lindau
subsp. carvalhoi

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Dicliptera carvalhoi subsp. carvalhoi

Picture: Bart Wursten
Cecil Kop NR

Dicliptera carvalhoi subsp. carvalhoi

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Cliffs, Vumba

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Synonyms: Dicliptera angustifolia Gilli
Dicliptera cephalantha S. Moore
Dicliptera olitoria Mildbr.
Dicliptera rogersii Turrill
Common names:
Status: Native
Annual or perennial herb, sometimes scrambling, with stems up to 1.5 m long. Leaves sometimes immature or absent at time of flowering, ovate to linear-lanceolate, 1-8 cm long, rarely longer, pubescent mainly on midrib an margins. Inflorescences aggregated into a dense cylindric or subcapitate head. Bracts dark, often tinged purple, more or less unequal, oblong-oblanceolate to lanceolate, 5.5-16 mm long, with sparse to dense capitate glandular hairs towards the apex; margin and midrib often hairy; margin hyaline towards the base. Calyx lobes 2.5-5 mm long, glandular-puberulent, sometimes with a few hairs along the margin. Corolla 10-20 mm long, pink, purple or white, with purple guidelines, pubescent outside; tube 6-10.5 mm long; upper lip oblong, 6-11.5 mm long; lower lip obovate or elliptic, 6-10.5 mm long. Capsule 4.5-8mm long, finely velvety and sometimes with short glandular hairs towards the apex.
Type location:
Notes: No less than 5 subspecies have been described. Apart from subsp. carvalhoi three more, subsp. nemorum (Milne-Redh.) I. Darbysh., subsp. laxiflora I. Darbysh. and subsp. petraea I. Darbysh. have been recorded from Mozambique.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In Miombo woodland, rough grassland, on rocky hillsides and along streams or in rock streambeds.
Altitude range: Up to 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Eastern DRC, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): E,Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 277 - 278.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 18. As Dicliptera rogersii

Other sources of information about Dicliptera carvalhoi subsp. carvalhoi:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Dicliptera carvalhoi subsp. carvalhoi
Flora of Malawi: Dicliptera carvalhoi subsp. carvalhoi
Flora of Mozambique: Dicliptera carvalhoi subsp. carvalhoi
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dicliptera carvalhoi subsp. carvalhoi

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dicliptera carvalhoi
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dicliptera carvalhoi
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dicliptera carvalhoi
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dicliptera carvalhoi
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Dicliptera carvalhoi
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dicliptera carvalhoi
JSTOR Plant Science: Dicliptera carvalhoi
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dicliptera carvalhoi
Plants of the World Online: Dicliptera carvalhoi
Tropicos: Dicliptera carvalhoi
Wikipedia: Dicliptera carvalhoi

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Dicliptera carvalhoi subsp. carvalhoi.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=185130, retrieved 22 April 2024

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