Bussea massaiensis (Taub.) Harms
subsp. rhodesica Brenan

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Bussea massaiensis subsp. rhodesica

Itigi thicket
Nsumbu National Park, Sumbu Distr.
Mar 2022
Photo: Mark Ghaui

Bussea massaiensis subsp. rhodesica

Itigi thicket
Nsumbu National Park, Sumbu Distr.
Mar 2022
Photo: Mark Ghaui

Bussea massaiensis subsp. rhodesica

Itigi thicket
Nsumbu National Park, Sumbu Distr.
Mar 2022
Photo: Mark Ghaui

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Local to locally common
Status: Native
Shrub or small unarmed tree up to 14 m high; bark smooth, grey; leaves up to 14 cm long, densely brown pubescent when young and glabrescent with age, pinnae 2-5 pairs with each pinna rachis 2-12 cm long; leaflets (3)5-10(11) pairs per pinna, (0.5)1-3.4 x (0.3)0.4-1.4(1.9) cm, asymmetrically elliptic to elliptic-oblong, obtuse to emarginate at apex and strongly asymmetric at base, pubescent to glabrescent; flowers in fairly dense racemes grouped together to form a terminal panicle up to 15 cm long, side racemes often shorter; bracts up to 8 x 4 mm, lanceolate or ovate to elliptic, falling at or slightly before anthesis; pedicels 4-10 mm long; sepals 5-8 mm long, densely brown-pubescent; petals unequal, the lower and lateral ones 1.2-2.5 x 0.9-1.4 cm, the upper one 0.9-1 x 0.7-0.8 cm, all yellow; pods 7-12 x 1.2-2.2 cm, broadest in the distal third, erect, brown tomentose especially in the median groove of each valve; seeds 1-3, 1.6-2.2 x 0.9-1.2 cm, oblong, elongated longitudinally. Subsp. rhodesica differs in the petiole and rachis together 5-14 cm, with (3)4-5 pairs of pinnae; pinna rachis (3)5-12 cm; leaflets with (5)7-10(11) pairs of pinna; and larger petal 1.2-1.5 x 0.9-1.2 cm.
Type location:
Notes: Red data status: VU B1B2c
Derivation of specific name: rhodesica: of Rhodesia, an old name for Zambia Zambia
Habitat: Itigi forest
Altitude range: 900 - 1250 m
Flowering time:Sep - Mar
Worldwide distribution:
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 17 May 2022

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 191 - 193. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Bussea massaiensis subsp. rhodesica:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bussea massaiensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bussea massaiensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bussea massaiensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bussea massaiensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bussea massaiensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bussea massaiensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Bussea massaiensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bussea massaiensis
Plants of the World Online: Bussea massaiensis
Tropicos: Bussea massaiensis
Wikipedia: Bussea massaiensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Bussea massaiensis subsp. rhodesica.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=186200, retrieved 18 April 2024

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