Brachycorythis friesii (Schltr.) Summerh.

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Brachycorythis friesii

Habit
Perennially wet dambo grassland
Lubuli area, above Chilongo Falls
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Brachycorythis friesii

Flower
Perennially wet dambo grassland
Lubuli area, above Chilongo Falls
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Brachycorythis friesii

Flower
Perennially wet dambo grassland
Lubuli area, above Chilongo Falls
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Brachycorythis friesii

Habit
Perennially wet dambo grassland
Chipili area, above Kalonde Falls
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Brachycorythis friesii

Flower
Perennially wet dambo grassland
Chipili area, above Kalonde Falls
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Gyaladenia friesii (Schltr.) Schltr.
Platanthera friesii Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb, 8-27 cm tall from ovoid to cylindrical tubers up to 5 cm long; stems leafy; leaves c. 10, linear-lanceolate, up to 2.5-6 x 2-3.5 cm; inflorescence laxly (1)3-15-flowered; flowers almost white, pale to deep pink or purple with darker marks on lip; ovary and pedicle arched, 5-8 mm long; bracts 13-15 mm long, lanceolate, acuminate; dorsal sepal 4-6.7 x 1.6-2.8 mm, ovate; lateral sepals 4.5-7.6 x 2.3-2.6 mm, rather oblique; petals 3-6.5 x 2-3.3 mm, obliquely ovate, attached to the column at base; lip 4-7 mm long, epichile 5-6.3 x 5.7-7.3 mm, 3-lobed near the base, mid-lobe quadrate 2-3 mm long, side lobes 1-2 mm long, narrow and spreading; spur 2.5-4.5 mm long, slender, blunt, curved.
Type location:
Burundi
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: friesii: after Professor R. E. Fries, botanist on the Swedish Rhodesia-Congo expedition in 1911-12.
Habitat: Shallow soil and seepage areas on granite outcrops, and in open areas in woodland
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: From Burundi to Tanzania south through Zambia and DRC to Angola.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 10 March 2020
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 317. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 17.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 117.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1955). A revision of the genus Brachycorythis Kew Bulletin 10 Pages 246 - 247.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 30 - 31. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Brachycorythis friesii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Brachycorythis friesii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachycorythis friesii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachycorythis friesii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachycorythis friesii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brachycorythis friesii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brachycorythis friesii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachycorythis friesii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Brachycorythis friesii
iNaturalist: Brachycorythis friesii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachycorythis friesii
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachycorythis friesii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brachycorythis friesii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Brachycorythis friesii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachycorythis friesii
Plants of the World Online: Brachycorythis friesii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Brachycorythis friesii
Tropicos: Brachycorythis friesii
Wikipedia: Brachycorythis friesii


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Brachycorythis friesii.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=186630, retrieved 13 July 2020

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