Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum Summerh.

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Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum

Rocky miombo woodland
Chipili area
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum

Rocky miombo woodland
Chipili area
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum

Rocky miombo woodland
Chipili area
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Bulbophyllum cochleatum Lindl. var. gravidum (Lindl.) J.J.Verm.
Common names:
Status: Native
Epiphytic herb. Pseudobulbs borne close together on the rhizome, forming mats, more or less globose to ovoid, 10–20 mm high, purple-red, wrinkled. Leaves 2, linear, 35–45 mm long and 4-6 mm wide, grass-like, deciduous in dry season. Peduncle 3.5–5 cm long; rhachis 1.5–2 cm long, up to 16-flowered. Flowers more or less on one side, deep maroon-purple. Bracts 2–4 mm long, about half as long as the flowers. Dorsal sepal ovate, 3–4 mm long; lateral sepals lanceolate, 2–4.2 mm long, curling back. Petals linear, 1–1.5 mm long. Lip 2–3 mm long, able to move, fringed with hairs on the upper half.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: rugosibulbum: with wrinkled bulbs.
Habitat: Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range: 1250 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Southern Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 6 July 2020

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 318. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 295 - 296. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Page 55.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 196 - 197. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 132.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1960). African orchids XXVII Kew Bulletin 14(1) Pages 138 - 139. Protologue

Vermeulen, J.J. (1987). A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Orchid Monographs Volume 2 E.J. Brill, Leiden-New York-Kopnhavn-Koln Pages 42 - 44. sunk under Bulbophyllum cochleatum var. gravidum

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 137 - 138. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
JSTOR Plant Science: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
Plants of the World Online: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
Tropicos: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum
Wikipedia: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Bulbophyllum rugosibulbum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=186740, retrieved 27 February 2024

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