Pentanisia prunelloides (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Walp.
subsp. latifolia (Hochst.) Verdc.

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Pentanisia prunelloides subsp. latifolia

Habit
Wooded dambo margins
Mutinondo Wilderness, Lavushi Manda Distr.
Feb 2023
Photo: Nick Wightman

Pentanisia prunelloides subsp. latifolia

Leaves and stem
Wooded dambo margins
Mutinondo Wilderness, Lavushi Manda Distr.
Feb 2023
Photo: Nick Wightman

Pentanisia prunelloides subsp. latifolia

Inflorescence
Wooded dambo margins
Mutinondo Wilderness, Lavushi Manda Distr.
Feb 2023
Photo: Nick Wightman

Pentanisia prunelloides subsp. latifolia

Inflorescence
Wooded dambo margins
Mutinondo Wilderness, Lavushi Manda Distr.
Feb 2023
Photo: Nick Wightman

Pentanisia prunelloides subsp. latifolia

Inflorescence
Wooded dambo margins
Mutinondo Wilderness, Lavushi Manda Distr.
Feb 2023
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Declieuxia latifolia Hochst
Pentanisia longisepala Krause
Pentanisia prunellioides var. latifolia (Hochst.) Walp.
Pentanisia variabilis var. latifolia (Hochst.) Sond.
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Erect or semi-prostrate to completely prostrate herb 7 - 60 cm tall, with numerous hairy or glabrous stems from a thick woody rootstock up to 1 cm wide. Leaf blades 1.3 - 8.5 x 0.2 - 3.5 cm, oblong-elliptic or ovate to almost round, acute or sub-obtuse at the apex, rounded to sub-cordate at the base, mostly pubescent to densely villous, less often glabrous; petiole obsolete; stipules with ± 5 narrow segments, 3 - 7 x 0.3 - 2.5 mm, from a short base to 3 mm long. Inflorescence capitate, ± villous, branched, or spicate below, up to 7 x 4 cm; peduncle 3.5 - 34 cm long, often densely hairy. Calyx tube c. 1 x 0.8 - 1 mm, pubescent; lobes unequal, 1 - 2 larger and foliaceous, 0.3 - 1.2 cm x 0.5 - 1.5(2) mm. Corolla bright blue; tube 1.1 - 1.8 cm long, 1 - 1.5(2) mm wide at the apex, pubescent outside; lobes 2.5 - 5 x 1 - 2.5 mm; throat densely hairy. Fruit black, 2.5 - 4.5 x 2 - 3.3 mm, obcordate, laterally compressed, composed of 2 indehiscent cocci which eventually separate, pubescent. Seeds brown, almost round in outline, 2.5 x 2 mm, thin.
Type location:
South Africa
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: prunellioides: resembling Prunella, a genus in the Lamiaceae family
latifolia: broad-leaved
Habitat: Plateau woodland, grassy places in Brachystegia-Uapaca woodlands
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jan - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi and South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 20 March 2023
Literature:

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 58 - 59.

Other sources of information about Pentanisia prunelloides subsp. latifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pentanisia prunelloides subsp. latifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pentanisia prunelloides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pentanisia prunelloides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pentanisia prunelloides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pentanisia prunelloides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pentanisia prunelloides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pentanisia prunelloides
JSTOR Plant Science: Pentanisia prunelloides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pentanisia prunelloides
Plants of the World Online: Pentanisia prunelloides
Tropicos: Pentanisia prunelloides
Wikipedia: Pentanisia prunelloides


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Pentanisia prunelloides subsp. latifolia.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=189500, retrieved 27 May 2024

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