Morella salicifolia (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Verdc. & Polhill
subsp. kilimandscharica (Engl.) Verdc. & Polhill

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Morella salicifolia subsp. kilimandscharica

Picture: Bart Wursten
Main road from Thazima gate to Chelinda near Luzero Forest, Nyika National Park

Morella salicifolia subsp. kilimandscharica

Picture: Bart Wursten
Lusero Forest, Nyika National Park

Morella salicifolia subsp. kilimandscharica

Picture: Bart Wursten
Lusero Forest, Nyika National Park

Morella salicifolia subsp. kilimandscharica

Picture: Bart Wursten
Lusero Forest, Nyika National Park

Morella salicifolia subsp. kilimandscharica

Picture: Bart Wursten
Lusero Forest, Nyika National Park

Morella salicifolia subsp. kilimandscharica

Picture: Bart Wursten
Lusero Forest, Nyika National Park

Morella salicifolia subsp. kilimandscharica

Picture: Bart Wursten
Lusero Forest, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Myrica humilis sensu White p.p. non Cham. & Schltdl.
Myrica kilimandscharica Engl.
Myrica usambarensis Engl.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Usually a dioecious tree 5-12 m tall but sometimes a shrub; bark brown, very rough, fissured; branchlets variously hairy or hairless, glandular. Leaves mostly very convex, oblong-elliptic to oblong-obovate, 4-8 cm long, 2-3 times as long as broad, sometimes slightly cordate and asymmetric at the base, hairless or or sparsely hairy especially on the midrib, dotted with golden gland-dots on both surfaces when young, pock-marked once the glands wither; margin entire or or coarsely toothed; petiole 3-10 mm long. Male catkins red in bud, dense, 5-15 mm long, extending to 25 mm. Female catkins more lax, up to 3.5 cm long. Fruit ovoid-globose, 3-4 mm wide, hairy or not, sometimes with a white waxy covering.
Type location:
Tanzania
Notes: Although mostly a sizeable tree it occasionally survives as a low suffrutescent shrub in regularly burned montane grassland.
Derivation of specific name: salicifolia: with leaves like a Salix (Willow);
kilimandscharica: of Mt Kilimanjaro where the type specimen of this subspecies was collected.
Habitat: In montane forest, of as a secondary species, at margins of forest, along streams, at edges of Uapaca or Brachystegia woodland, in tree Erica scrub and sometimes as a small shrub in montane grassland.
Altitude range: 1350 - 2530 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 4 September 2018
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 215. as Morella salicifolia kilimandscharica kilimandscharica (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19. As Myrica humilis

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 80. As Morella salicifolia

Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2006). Myricaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 261 - 262.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 401 - 404. As Myrica humilis (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Morella salicifolia subsp. kilimandscharica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Morella salicifolia subsp. kilimandscharica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Morella salicifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Morella salicifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Morella salicifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Morella salicifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Morella salicifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Morella salicifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Morella salicifolia
iNaturalist: Morella salicifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Morella salicifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Morella salicifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Morella salicifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Morella salicifolia
Plants of the World Online: Morella salicifolia
Tropicos: Morella salicifolia
Wikipedia: Morella salicifolia


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Morella salicifolia subsp. kilimandscharica.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=190920, retrieved 21 April 2021

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