Encephalartos schmitzii Malaisse

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Encephalartos schmitzii

Mutinondo Wilderness Area
Aug 2002
Photo: Mike Bingham

Encephalartos schmitzii

Katanga Province, DRC;
Jan 2008
Photo: Jos Stevens

Encephalartos schmitzii

Katanga Province, DRC;
Jan 2008
Photo: Jos Stevens

Encephalartos schmitzii

Katanga Province, DRC;
Jan 2008
Photo: Jos Stevens

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Schmitz’s Cycad (English: Zambia)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Type location:
DRC, Katanga Province
Notes: Conservation Status: Vulnerable C1 All species of Encephalartos are listed under CITES appendix 1. CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except for certain commercial motives, such as scientific research.
E. schmitzii occurs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the extreme south of the Kundelungu plateau in the Shaba (now Katanga) province and in Zambia along the Muchinga escarpment in the Luapula and Northern provinces. The distribution broadly follows the catchment of the Luapula River. Occurs at elevations from 1.000 to 1,400 m.” IUCN Red List: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/41938/0
This statement requires correction of the geography. “Muchinga” is the Bemba name for a mountain, so appears, as “Muchinga Escarpment”, on some maps in more than one locality. I am not aware of any records of the occurrence of this species in Luapula Province, and if it occurs at all in the Zambian part of the Luapula River Basin, it is likely to be near the source of the Mansha R. at Shiwa Ngandu, a known locality. The Mpika occurrence lies within the Luangwa-Zambezi River system. Mpika and Shiwa Ngandu are both in Muchinga Province, recently split from Northern Province. It is possible that the occurrences at Shiwa Ngandu are also on the Zambezi side of the continental divide.
According to Goode (2001) the largest colony is near the town of Mpika in Brachystegia microphylla woodland on a rocky ridge (information provided by JonathanTimberlake).
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Miombo woodland; the plants are fire adapted
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Reported to be common in parts of Katanga (Jos Stevens
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 21 September 2016
Literature:

Goode, D. (2001). Cycads of Africa Vol. 1. Cycads of Africa Cape Town

Other sources of information about Encephalartos schmitzii:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Encephalartos schmitzii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Encephalartos schmitzii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Encephalartos schmitzii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Encephalartos schmitzii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Encephalartos schmitzii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Encephalartos schmitzii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Encephalartos schmitzii
iNaturalist: Encephalartos schmitzii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Encephalartos schmitzii
JSTOR Plant Science: Encephalartos schmitzii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Encephalartos schmitzii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Encephalartos schmitzii
Plants of the World Online: Encephalartos schmitzii
Tropicos: Encephalartos schmitzii
Wikipedia: Encephalartos schmitzii


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Encephalartos schmitzii.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=192730, retrieved 10 May 2021

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