Trifolium simense Fresen.

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Trifolium simense

Picture: Penny English
Along road that goes to Juniper Forest, Nyika National Park

Trifolium simense

Picture: Penny English
Along road that goes to Juniper Forest, Nyika National Park

Trifolium simense

Picture: Penny English
Along road that goes to Juniper Forest, Nyika National Park

Trifolium simense

Picture: Penny English
Along road that goes to Juniper Forest, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb with elongated nodules on the roots. Stems erect or sometimes semi-decumbent but not rooting at the nodes, up to 50 cm long. Leaves 3-foliolate; petioles 1–3 cm long; leaflets hairless or sparsely hairy, variable in shape, narrowly cuneate-oblong, c. 1 cm long on the lower leaves, linear-lanceolate, up to 6 cm long, on the upper leaves; margins with well-marked, subulate teeth; stipules ending in bristly points, hairy at the margins. Inflorescence hemispherical or ovoid, c. 13 mm in diameter; peduncle up to 5 cm long, hairy, especially at the top; bracts up to 1 mm long, white. Flowers pink-purple, rarely white; standard c. 6 mm long. Pod 1–2-seeded.
Type location:
Ethiopia
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: simense: of the Simen in Ethiopia where the type was collected.
Habitat: In Montane grassland.
Altitude range: 2000 - 2100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia (Nyika only).
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 28 April 2020
Literature:

Agnew, A.D.Q. (2013). Upland Kenya Wild Flowers and Ferns Nature Kenya - The East Africa Natural History Society Page 173. (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 44 - 45. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 171.

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7) Pages 47 - 48. (Includes a picture).

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 131 - 132. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Trifolium simense:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Trifolium simense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Trifolium simense
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Trifolium simense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Trifolium simense
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Trifolium simense
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Trifolium simense
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Trifolium simense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Trifolium simense
iNaturalist: Trifolium simense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Trifolium simense
JSTOR Plant Science: Trifolium simense
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Trifolium simense
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Trifolium simense
Plants of the World Online: Trifolium simense
Tropicos: Trifolium simense
Wikipedia: Trifolium simense


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Trifolium simense.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=197270, retrieved 29 October 2020

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