Cyphostemma tenuissimum (Gilg & R.E. Fr.) Desc. ex Wild & R.B. Drumm.

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Cyphostemma tenuissimum

Habit
Miombo woodland
Chipili area, rocky Miombo woodland around Kalonde Falls
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Cyphostemma tenuissimum

Stem & leaf
Miombo woodland
Chipili area, rocky Miombo woodland around Kalonde Falls
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Cyphostemma tenuissimum

Fruits
Miombo woodland
Chipili area, rocky Miombo woodland around Kalonde Falls
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Cissus tenuissima Gilg. & Fr.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Scandent herb growing from a tuberous root; stem slender, striate, glabrous; tendrils present; leaves digitate, 3-5-foliolate; petiole up to 2 cm long, puberulous above but otherwise glabrous; leaflet-lamina up to 4 x 0.5 cm, linear-lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, margins sparsely serrate, apex acuminate, base cuneate; stipules up to 3.5 mm long, lanceolate, margin puberulous; petiolule c. 1 mm long or leaflets sessile; cymes lax on axillary branches; peduncle up to 4 cm long, glabrescent or glabrous; pedicels up to 3 mm long, glabrous or minutely pubescent; bracts and bracteoles c. 1 mm long, subulate, puberulous; flower bud c. 2 mm long, oblong-cylindric, constricted near the middle, glabrous; calyx purplish, 0.5 mm long, glabrous; petals greenish with deep purple tips; ovary glabrous; style c. 0.7 mm long, apex scarcely capitate.
Type location:
Zambia, Kalungwishi River
Notes: Red Data list status:Limited distribution, possibly LR-nt
Derivation of specific name: tenuissimum: thinnest or slenderest, referring to the slender nature of the stems.
Habitat: Rocky miombo woodland
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Only known from north-eastern Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 10 March 2020
Literature:

Wild, H. & Drummond, R.B. (1966). Vitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 488.

Other sources of information about Cyphostemma tenuissimum:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyphostemma tenuissimum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyphostemma tenuissimum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyphostemma tenuissimum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cyphostemma tenuissimum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cyphostemma tenuissimum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyphostemma tenuissimum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cyphostemma tenuissimum
iNaturalist: Cyphostemma tenuissimum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyphostemma tenuissimum
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyphostemma tenuissimum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cyphostemma tenuissimum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyphostemma tenuissimum
Plants of the World Online: Cyphostemma tenuissimum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cyphostemma tenuissimum
Tropicos: Cyphostemma tenuissimum
Wikipedia: Cyphostemma tenuissimum


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cyphostemma tenuissimum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=200620, retrieved 2 October 2020

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