Cyphostemma wittei (Staner) Wild & R.B. Drumm.

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Cyphostemma wittei

High rainfall disturbed miombo woodland
Chimpempe
Mar 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Cyphostemma wittei

High rainfall disturbed miombo woodland
Chimpempe
Mar 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cissus wittei
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Prostrate herb growing from thick perennial rootstock; stems c. 1 m long, brownish or whitish tomentose or pubescent, sometimes glandular; tendrils absent; leaves simple, sessile or subsessile; leaflet-lamina up to 15 x 13 cm, broadly oblong-elliptic (large older leaves sometimes shallowly 3-lobed and broadly ovate), apex rounded and base shallowly cordate, upper surface glabrous or with a few hairs on the nerves, lower surface whitish or brownish tomentose or hairy only on the nerves and veins; stipules up to 1 cm, lanceolate, densely pubescent; cymes axillary, trichotomous; peduncle up to 4(7) cm long, pubescent or tomentose, branches of inflorescence sometimes with stalked subcapitate glands; pedicels 2-3 mm long, pubescent; bracts and bracteoles c. 2 mm long, lanceolate, pubescent; flower bud 2-4 mm long, constricted near the middle, glabrous or puberulous; calyx entire, pubescent at the margins, 0.5 mm long; petals red; ovary glabrous; style c. 1.5 mm long, apex minutely 2-fid; fruit purple-black, 1 x 0.8 cm, ellipsoid-globose, glabrous; seed 1, c. 8 x 6 mm, ellipsoid, deeply foveolate.
Type location:
DRC, Katanga
Notes: Red Data list status: Limited distribution, possibly LR-nt
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Miombo woodland
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Northern Zambia and DRC (Katanga Province)
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 9 April 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 285.

Wild, H. & Drummond, R.B. (1966). Vitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 462 - 463.

Other sources of information about Cyphostemma wittei:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cyphostemma wittei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cyphostemma wittei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cyphostemma wittei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyphostemma wittei
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cyphostemma wittei
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cyphostemma wittei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cyphostemma wittei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cyphostemma wittei
iNaturalist: Cyphostemma wittei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyphostemma wittei
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyphostemma wittei
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cyphostemma wittei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cyphostemma wittei
Plants of the World Online: Cyphostemma wittei
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cyphostemma wittei
Tropicos: Cyphostemma wittei
Wikipedia: Cyphostemma wittei


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cyphostemma wittei.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=200650, retrieved 22 November 2019

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