Vernonia syringifolia O.Hoffm.

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Vernonia syringifolia

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along northern loop, Nyika National Park

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Synonyms: Vernonia calongensis Muschl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Sparsely branched or scandent shrub with stems to c. 6 m long. Branches alternate, striate, glandular and pubescent with short-stalked T-shaped hairs. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, up to 13 cm long, thinly textured, often somewhat cordate in lower leaves or sometimes narrowly decurrent on petiole, sparsely hairy to scabridulous on both surfaces; margin finely serrate; petiole 1–3 cm. long. Capitula numerous, grouped in moderately dense clusters 3–6 cm across, borne in the upper leaf axils, or capitula in large terminal compound heads; capitula stalks mostly 1–10 mm long, sometimes to c. 40 mm long. Involucres to c. 6 x 6 mm., spreading to c. 10 mm wide; phyllaries few-seriate, outer linear-lanceolate, 2–4 mm long, inner narrowly oblong-elliptic, up to 6 mm long, sometimes with a hyaline margin. Florets 15–20 per capitulum, narrowly funnel-shaped, c. 6 mm long, pale-mauve to whitish, sweetly-scented. Achenes narrowly subcylindric, 2.5–3 mm long, tapering slightly to base, sharply narrowly 5-ribbed, glandular, pale-brownish; outer pappus fringe-like, of narrow minute lacerate scales, inner of white barbellate setae 5–6 mm long.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: syringifolia: with leaves like a Syringa.
Habitat: At margins of (sub)montane evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 5 November 2018

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 112.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 35.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 78 - 80. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Vernonia syringifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Vernonia syringifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vernonia syringifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vernonia syringifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vernonia syringifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vernonia syringifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vernonia syringifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vernonia syringifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vernonia syringifolia
iNaturalist: Vernonia syringifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vernonia syringifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Vernonia syringifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vernonia syringifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vernonia syringifolia
Plants of the World Online: Vernonia syringifolia
Tropicos: Vernonia syringifolia
Wikipedia: Vernonia syringifolia

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-22

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2022). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Vernonia syringifolia., retrieved 3 October 2022

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