Rytigynia monantha (K.Schum.) Robyns
var. monantha

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Rytigynia monantha var. monantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
Path to Chisanga Falls, Nyika National Park

Rytigynia monantha var. monantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
Path to Chisanga Falls, Nyika National Park

Rytigynia monantha var. monantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
Path to Chisanga Falls, Nyika National Park

Rytigynia monantha var. monantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
Path to Chisanga Falls, Nyika National Park

Rytigynia monantha var. monantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
Path to Chisanga Falls, Nyika National Park

Rytigynia monantha var. monantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
Path to Chisanga Falls, Nyika National Park

Rytigynia monantha var. monantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
Path to Chisanga Falls, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Rytigynia castanea Lebrun, Taton & Toussaint
Vangueria monantha K. Schum.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Much branched shrub or small tree 0.3–4.5 m tall; older stems purple-brown or reddish, the bark very finely fissured, sometimes in exposed areas becoming rough and flaking to reveal a reddish or pale brownish powder; branching often ± horizontal. Leaves ovate, oblong or elliptic, 1–6 cm long, narrowly pointed at the apex, discolorous with appressed yellowish or whitish pubescence above and a more or less coarsely velvety pubescence beneath, not entirely obscuring the reticulate venation; petiole 1–4 mm long; stipules with basal parts joined to form a sheath 1.5–2 mm long; appendages compressed, 3–10 mm long, lanceolate or narrowly falcate. Inflorescences 1–2-flowered; peduncle 4–16 mm long; pedicels 23–9 mm long, lengthening to 19 mm in fruit; bracts ovate, 1.5–3.5 mm long. Calyx tube 1–1.5 mm long, densely pubescent outside, densely hairy inside; lobes 5–8, linear to triangular, 0.5–1.5 mm long. Corolla white, pale yellow or greenish, usually spreading bristly pubescent; tube 3–6 mm long, more or less hairless inside, with few deflexed hairs outside or pubescent in upper half; lobes triangular to lanceolate, 2–4 mm long, with a short appendage 0.5–1.5 mm long, often creamy-white inside, usually bristly pubescent outside or less often hairless. Style white, usually exserted 1–3 mm.Fruit subglobose, 6–8 mm wide and long, pubescent.
Type location:
Tanzania
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: monantha: one-flowered, although sometimes two flowers can be present.
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland or evergreen forest, usually in rocky places.
Altitude range: 585 - 2250 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 5 July 2019
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 294 - 296. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 252. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 29. As Rytigynia monantha

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 92.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 420. As Rytigynia sp. 2

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 495 - 496. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Rytigynia monantha var. monantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Rytigynia monantha var. monantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rytigynia monantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rytigynia monantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rytigynia monantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rytigynia monantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rytigynia monantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rytigynia monantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Rytigynia monantha
iNaturalist: Rytigynia monantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rytigynia monantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Rytigynia monantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rytigynia monantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rytigynia monantha
Plants of the World Online: Rytigynia monantha
The Plant List (version 1.1): Rytigynia monantha
Tropicos: Rytigynia monantha
Wikipedia: Rytigynia monantha


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Rytigynia monantha var. monantha.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=202560, retrieved 22 September 2019

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