Multidentia concrescens (Bullock) Bridson & Verdc.

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Multidentia concrescens

Degraded miombo woodland margin along rocky ledge
Mandevu Village, Mutondo, Kaoma Distr.
Mar 2021
Photo: Nick Wightman

Multidentia concrescens

Degraded miombo woodland margin along rocky ledge
Mandevu Village, Mutondo, Kaoma Distr.
Mar 2021
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Multidentia verticillata Gilli
Pygmaeothamnus concrescens Bullock
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Pyrophytic erect subshrub (suffrutex) (7.5)15-35 cm tall arising from a thick woody rootstock; stems simple or branched near base, glabrous, dark, wrinkled, with elongated lenticels; leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, lamina 2.5-16(21.5) x 0.8-8.5(12.5) cm, oblong, elliptic, oblong-elliptic or obovate to oblanceolate, glabrous to sparsely shortly pubescent on both surfaces, petioles 3-(10)20 mm long; stipules with broad basal part 2-3 mm long, hairy inside and along the margin, with a glabrous subulate lobe 3-12 mm long; inflorescences slightly to distinctly supra-axillary, divaricately cymose, 10-many-flowered, axes mostly pubescent; peduncle 2-4.5 cm long, forming an acute angle with main stem, pedicels 1-11 mm long, bracts and bracteoles 3-8 mm long; flowers 5(6)-merous; calyx tube 2-4 mm long, obconic, glabrous or pubescent, tubular part of limb 0.5-2.5 mm long, lobes (1)2.5-9 mm long, oblong to linear-lanceolate or narrowly triangular; corolla greenish or greenish-white, the lobes white inside, tube 3-5 mm long, pilose at the throat and with a ring of deflexed hairs set one third of the way to the top, lobes reflexed, 4-5 x 2 mm long, narrowly triangular; fruit yellowish-green becoming red, globose, 18-22 mm in diameter; pyrenes ellipsoid, 11-14 x 8-9 x 8 mm, with a deep irregular longitudinal ridges.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In Brachystegia/Miombo woodland and open woodland with Uapaca, Parinari and Harungana, also in grassland and on kopjes, and reported from copper bearing soil on new mine sites.
Altitude range: 1400 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Mc
Growth form(s): Shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 10 May 2021

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 314 - 315.

Other sources of information about Multidentia concrescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Multidentia concrescens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Multidentia concrescens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Multidentia concrescens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Multidentia concrescens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Multidentia concrescens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Multidentia concrescens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Multidentia concrescens
JSTOR Plant Science: Multidentia concrescens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Multidentia concrescens
Plants of the World Online: Multidentia concrescens
Tropicos: Multidentia concrescens
Wikipedia: Multidentia concrescens

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Multidentia concrescens., retrieved 27 February 2024

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