Indigofera wentzeliana Harms

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Indigofera wentzeliana

Montane grassland
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Indigofera wentzeliana

Montane grassland
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Indigofera wentzeliana

Montane grassland
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Indigofera hockii De Wild. & Baker f.
Indigofera moeroensis De Wild.
Indigofera similis N.E.Br.
Indigofera zig-zag De Wild.
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Prostrate to spreading rosette forming or tufted perennial herb 10-30 cm tall or occasionally a subshrub to 50 cm. Stems usually many, from a crown of a thick woody rootstock, trailing, ribbed, terete, angular or compressed, greenish to red or brown, with biramous hairs and sparsely to densely covered with gland tipped yellowish or red multicellular hairs, plant usually viscid. Stipules 1-5 mm long, lanceolate-attenuate or subulate, ascending, spreading or reflexed. Leaves pinnately 3-7-foliolate, basal leaves reduced and scale-like; leaf axis (1.5)3-15(20) mm long including petiole of 0.5-6 mm; terminal leaflet 4-15(25) x 1-6.5 mm, usually slightly smaller than laterals, oblanceolate, narrowly elliptic to obovate, 2-5 times as long as wide, strongly apiculate, sparsely to densely hairy on both surfaces, margins frequently with gland tipped hairs. Raceme (1.5)2-5(7) cm long, rhachis often zig-zag, laxly (4)6-20(25)-flowered, plants flower less prolifically in second year of growth if escaped burning. Calyx (2)3-4 mm long, densely strigose to subsericeous and sparsely to densely covered with gland-tipped multicellular hairs, lobes narrowly triangular, lanceolate or subulate, 3-5 times tube length. Corolla 6-8 mm long, pink to carmine-red; back of standard and distal keel margin spreading pubescent-strigose to subsericeous; ovary densely grey pubescent-strigose. Pod 7-18(24) x 1.5-2 mm, apparently setting infrequently, straight, cylindrical, spreading, densely strigose and with gland-tipped hairs. Seeds 3-8, 1.2-1.8 x 1-1.2 mm, quadrangular-cylindrical to globose, khaki, yellow, orange or brown, sometimes purple-mottled, not pitted.
Type location:
Tanzania, Njombe District
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In secondary deciduous woodland and grassland or a wed of disturbed lands or other sandy areas
Altitude range: 800 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Aug - Jan
Worldwide distribution: DRC (Katanga), Zambia, Tanzania south to Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,Mc,Lk
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 27 July 2023

Schrire, B.D. (2012). Papilionoideae-Indigofereae Flora Zambesiaca 3(4) Pages 219 - 220.

Other sources of information about Indigofera wentzeliana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Indigofera wentzeliana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Indigofera wentzeliana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Indigofera wentzeliana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Indigofera wentzeliana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Indigofera wentzeliana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Indigofera wentzeliana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Indigofera wentzeliana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Indigofera wentzeliana
JSTOR Plant Science: Indigofera wentzeliana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Indigofera wentzeliana
Plants of the World Online: Indigofera wentzeliana
Tropicos: Indigofera wentzeliana
Wikipedia: Indigofera wentzeliana

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Indigofera wentzeliana., retrieved 3 October 2023

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