Euphorbia debilispina L.C. Leach

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Common names:
Status: Native
Spiny succulent dwarf shrublet, forming large densely branched clumps up to c. 12.5 cm high.Branches subcylindric or obtusely subquadrangular, 8–10 mm in diameter, tapering below into a stalk-like base; angles shallowly crenulate with rounded tubercles c. 7 mm apart along the margins.Spine shields 2–4 × 2–3 mm, obtriangular, brownish becoming whitish; spines 2–3 mm long or sometimes rudimentary, widely divergent; prickles 1–2 mm long, weak.Leaves c. 1.25 mm long, ovate-attenuate, fleshy, caducous.Cymes solitary, simple; peduncles to 2 mm long; cyme branches to 3 mm long; bracts c. 1.5 mm long, semi-circular to oblong-obtuse.Cyathia to 2 × 4–4.5 mm, with funnel-shaped involucres; glands spreading, transversely elliptic, c. 2 mm wide, ± touching, yellow; lobes 1 × 1 mm, cuneate, irregularly fimbriate.Male flowers: 10–15, far exserted: fascicular bracts broadly 2-lobed, laciniate, fimbriate, 2.5 mm long; stamens 4.5 mm long.Female flower: styles 2.25–3 mm long, united to c. halfway, spreading above, with capitate or shortly bilobed apices.Capsule c. 3.5 × 4.25 mm, obtusely 3-lobed, scarcely exserted.Seeds c. 2 × 1.25–1.5 mm, ovoid, densely verrucose, brown with white, brown and blackish markings.
From FZ, Vol 9, Part 5, (2001) Author: S. Carter & L.C. Leach
Type location:
Zambia, Lusaka
Notes: Red data status: EN B1B2C
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On limestone pavement in sparse open deciduous woodland
Altitude range: 1250 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Known only from west of Lusaka
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 22 August 2017

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Page 432.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia debilispina:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia debilispina
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia debilispina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia debilispina
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia debilispina
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia debilispina
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia debilispina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia debilispina
iNaturalist: Euphorbia debilispina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia debilispina
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia debilispina
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia debilispina
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia debilispina
Plants of the World Online: Euphorbia debilispina
Tropicos: Euphorbia debilispina
Wikipedia: Euphorbia debilispina

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Euphorbia debilispina., retrieved 27 January 2023

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