Centrostigma clavatum Summerh.

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Centrostigma clavatum

Perennial wet peaty dambo
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Centrostigma clavatum

Perennial wet peaty dambo
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Centrostigma clavatum

Perennial wet peaty dambo
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Centrostigma clavatum

Perennial wet peaty dambo
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Locally
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb from ellipsoid tubers; stem leafy; leaves 6-7, lowest sheathing, largest c. 14 x 2 cm, lanceolate, acute, ribbed; inflorescence laxly up to 18-flowered; flowers large, white, greenish-cream or greenish-yellow.
Differs from C. occultans in the longer and slenderer lateral lobes of the labellum which are turned upwards and parallel to each other and have fewer and shorter fimbriate processe, with a shorter clavate spur.
Type location:
Zambia, Mbala
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: Clavatum: club-shaped in reference to the spur.
Habitat: Very wet dambo, swampy grassland
Altitude range: 1200 - 1680 m
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: From DRC to Tanzania south to Malawi and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,C
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 15 March 2018
Literature:

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 48 - 49. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 43. (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Page 78.

Other sources of information about Centrostigma clavatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Centrostigma clavatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Centrostigma clavatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Centrostigma clavatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Centrostigma clavatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Centrostigma clavatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Centrostigma clavatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Centrostigma clavatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Centrostigma clavatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Centrostigma clavatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Centrostigma clavatum
Ispot Southern Africa: Centrostigma clavatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Centrostigma clavatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Centrostigma clavatum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Centrostigma clavatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Centrostigma clavatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Centrostigma clavatum
Tropicos: Centrostigma clavatum


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Centrostigma clavatum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=208800, retrieved 23 April 2018

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