Centrostigma clavatum Summerh.

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Centrostigma clavatum

Perennial wet peaty dambo
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Centrostigma clavatum

Perennial wet peaty dambo
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Centrostigma clavatum

Perennial wet peaty dambo
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Centrostigma clavatum

Perennial wet peaty dambo
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb with ellipsoid tubers. Leaves along the stem, 6-7, lowest sheathing, lanceolate, up to c. 14 cm long, acute, ribbed; inflorescence laxly up to 18-flowered; flowers large, white, greenish-cream or greenish-yellow.
Type location:
Zambia, Mbala
Notes: Differs from C. occultans in the longer and more slender lateral lobes of the lip which are turned upwards and parallel to each other and have fewer and shorter fimbriate processes, with a shorter club-shaped spur.
Derivation of specific name: clavatum: club-shaped in reference to the spur.
Habitat: Very wet dambo, swampy grassland
Altitude range: 1200 - 1680 m
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: From DRC to Tanzania south to Malawi and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,C
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 15 March 2018
Literature:

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 48 - 49. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 43. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Page 78.

Other sources of information about Centrostigma clavatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Centrostigma clavatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Centrostigma clavatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Centrostigma clavatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Centrostigma clavatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Centrostigma clavatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Centrostigma clavatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Centrostigma clavatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Centrostigma clavatum
iNaturalist: Centrostigma clavatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Centrostigma clavatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Centrostigma clavatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Centrostigma clavatum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Centrostigma clavatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Centrostigma clavatum
Plants of the World Online: Centrostigma clavatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Centrostigma clavatum
Tropicos: Centrostigma clavatum
Wikipedia: Centrostigma clavatum


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Centrostigma clavatum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=208800, retrieved 20 August 2019

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