Eulophia calantha Schltr.

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Eulophia calantha

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Mabenga area
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Eulophia calantha

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Mabenga area
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Eulophia calantha

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Mabenga area
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Eulophia calantha

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Mabenga area
Jan 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Eulophia calantha

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Lumwana area
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Eulophia calantha var. Kubangensis Schltr.
Lissochilus kapandensis De Wild.
Lissochilus monoceras Kraenzl
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional to locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb 25-78 cm tall growing from subterranean irregular-shaped tubers c. 1-3 cm x 8-15 mm; leaves 1-2, 25-45 x 3-5 mm, grass-like, linear, ribbed, usually absent or just starting to shoot at flowering time; inflorescence laxly 3-7 flowered; scape with 3-4 scattered, scarious sheaths; flowers white, pale pink or lilac, the lip edged with purple or occasionally all purple; bracts 8-20 mm long, lanceolate; ovary and pedicel 12-18 mm long; sepals all similar, reflexed, oblong-lanceolate; petals 17-20 x 8-14 mm, elliptic to obovate, projecting over column; lip 14-20 x 9-15 mm, 3-lobed, curved in side view; mid-lobe 7-10 mm long with 3-5 fleshy rugulose yellow crests running down to near apex, side lobes obliquely oblong; spur 5-7 mm long, conical to cylindrical.
Type location:
Angola
Notes: Red Data list status: Widespread, most likely LR-lc
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Seasonally wet dambos and grasslands
Altitude range: 600 - 1330 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Guinea; Central African Republic and DRC east to Kenya south to Angola, Zambia and Malawi.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,N,C,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 10 April 2019
Literature:

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 495 - 497. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 337.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 119.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 115 - 116. (Includes a picture).

Summerhayes, V.S. (1953). African Orchids: XXII Kew Bulletin 8(4) Page 585.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 170 - 171. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia calantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Eulophia calantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia calantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia calantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia calantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eulophia calantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eulophia calantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia calantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eulophia calantha
iNaturalist: Eulophia calantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia calantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia calantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eulophia calantha
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eulophia calantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia calantha
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia calantha
The Plant List (version 1.1): Eulophia calantha
Tropicos: Eulophia calantha
Wikipedia: Eulophia calantha


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Eulophia calantha.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=210040, retrieved 15 December 2019

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