Eulophia caricifolia (Rchb.f.) Summerh.

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Eulophia caricifolia

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Ilunda dambo, Kasama
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Eulophia caricifolia

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Ilunda dambo, Kasama
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Eulophia caricifolia

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Ilunda dambo, Kasama
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Eulophia caricifolia

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Ilunda dambo, Kasama
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

Eulophia caricifolia

Wet dambo in black muck soil
Ilunda dambo, Kasama
Feb 2018
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Eulophia antennisepala (Rchb.f.) Schltr.
Eulophia caricifolia (Rchb.f.) Summerh. var. antennisepala (Rchb.f.) Geerinck
Eulophia mweruensis P.J. Cribb
Eulophia sp. (Williamson 399) of Williamson, Orch. S. Centr. Africa: 170 (1977).
Lissochilus antennisepalus Rchb.f.
Lissochilus caricifolius Rchb.f.
Lissochilus longifolius Benth.
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional to locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb 50-130 cm tall growing from subterranean fleshy rhizome; leaves several in grass-like tuft, 30-140 x 0.6-1.4 cm, linear, plicate, partly to fully developed at flowering time; inflorescence laxly few to several flowered; scape stout with several loose sheaths; sepals brownish, petals and lip pink or white tinged mauve; bracts 5-10 mm long; ovary and pedicel 13-20 mm long, ovary starting to swell before flowers have faded; sepals all similar, erect, spathulate, dorsal sepal 14-20 x 4-5.5 mm, lateral sepals 16-20 x 2-5.5 mm; petals 14-18 x 6.5-10 mm, ovate, projecting over column; lip 18-20 x 9.5-13.5 mm, 3-lobed; mid-lobe 7-9 x 6 mm with 3-5 crests of long, fimbriate outgrowths, the middle one usually better developed than outer ones, margins undulate (wavy), side lobes erect; spur 5-7.5 mm long, conical with blunt apex.
Type location:
Gabon
Notes: Red Data list status: Widespread, most likely LR-lc
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Seasonally wet dambos and grasslands, swampy streamside grasslands and permanent standing water
Altitude range: Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Guinea and Sierra Leone east to Uganda south to Angola and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Mc,C,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 10 April 2019
Literature:

Cribb, P.J. (1977). New orchids from South Central Africa Kew Bulletin 32(1) Pages 161 - 163. as Eulophia mweruensis (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 491 - 492. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 119.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1958). African orchids XXVI Kew Bulletin 13(2) Page 259. as Eulophia antennisepala

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 170 - 171. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia caricifolia:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia caricifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia caricifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia caricifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eulophia caricifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eulophia caricifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia caricifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eulophia caricifolia
iNaturalist: Eulophia caricifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia caricifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia caricifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eulophia caricifolia
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eulophia caricifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia caricifolia
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia caricifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Eulophia caricifolia
Tropicos: Eulophia caricifolia
Wikipedia: Eulophia caricifolia


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Eulophia caricifolia.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=210050, retrieved 25 January 2020

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