Ficus usambarensis Warb.

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Ficus usambarensis

Kapako; Oct 2007.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus usambarensis

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected at Kawambwa; Sep 2009.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus usambarensis

Nsama to Kaputa 24km, Kafwanka; Nov 1992.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ficus usambarensis

Lusaka SE, grown from seed collected at Nsama; Apr 2013.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Usambara fig (English: Zambia)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Tree to c. 15 m tall, with a wide spreading crown, terrestrial, probably also epiphytic. Leaf lamina oblong to lanceolate, leathery, apex obtuse to rounded, base obtuse, margin entire, both surfaces glabrous. Figs 2-7 together on small spurs in the leaf axils, or also in the axils of fallen leaves.
Type location:
Notes: Disjunct distribution; probably lower risk, near threatened.
Derivation of specific name: usambarensis: of the Usambara Mt. range in Tanzania, where the type was collected.
Habitat: On termite mounds in miombo woodland.
Altitude range: 1200 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: North-eastern Tanzania, northern Mozambique and northern Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,N
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 17 July 2013

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 101 - 104. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 83. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Ficus usambarensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Ficus usambarensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Ficus usambarensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus usambarensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus usambarensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus usambarensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus usambarensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ficus usambarensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus usambarensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus usambarensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus usambarensis
Plants of the World Online: Ficus usambarensis
Tropicos: Ficus usambarensis
Wikipedia: Ficus usambarensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Ficus usambarensis., retrieved 27 September 2023

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