Pilea rivularis Wedd.

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Pilea rivularis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Pilea rivularis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Pilea rivularis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

Pilea rivularis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Forest, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Pilea ceratomera Wedd.
Pilea comorensis Engl.
Pilea macrodonta Baker
Pilea stipulata Hutch. & Dalz.
Pilea worsdellii N.E. Br.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb with erect unbranched stems up to 50 cm high, growing from a creeping rhizome. Leaves opposite, more or less equal in size, more or less broadly ovate, mostly 2-5 cm long, hairless on both surfaces but with linear outgrowths of the epidermal cell walls (cystoliths); margin with 5-15 teeth each side; petiole 4-6 cm long. Stipules broadly ovate, up to 5 mm long, often cordate and clasping the stem. Inflorescences in dense axillary clusters, unisexual with sexes on different plants or at least on each stem.
Type location:
Comoro Islands
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: High rainfall, montane evergreen forest, often in rocky places by streams.
Altitude range: 1800 - 2100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Nigeria, Cameroon, Bioko, DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, South Africa. Also in Madagascar and Comoro.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 18 June 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 280.

Friis, I. (1991). Urticaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 98 - 99.

Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66(2) Page 250.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 101.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 182.

Other sources of information about Pilea rivularis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pilea rivularis
Flora of Mozambique: Pilea rivularis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pilea rivularis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pilea rivularis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pilea rivularis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pilea rivularis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pilea rivularis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pilea rivularis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pilea rivularis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pilea rivularis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pilea rivularis
Ispot Southern Africa: Pilea rivularis
JSTOR Plant Science: Pilea rivularis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pilea rivularis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pilea rivularis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Pilea rivularis
Tropicos: Pilea rivularis


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Pilea rivularis.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=210880, retrieved 17 July 2019

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