Lonchitis occidentalis Baker

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Synonyms: Anisosorus occidentalis (Baker) C.Chr.
Antiosorus occidentalis (Baker) Kuhn
Lonchitis friesii Brause
Pteris glaberrima Mett. ex Kuhn
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome short- to long-creeping, ± succulent, c.6 mm in diameter when dry, with pale brown hairs c. 1 mm long. Stipe straw-coloured to red or purple, thick, 12–50 cm long, with scattered pale hairs c. 1 mm long. Fronds 1–2 cm apart. Lamina somewhat fleshy, 18–50 cm long, pinnate-pinnatifid to bipinnate-tripinnatifid, oblong to deltate in outline, apex tapering to a point. Pinnae opposite or subopposite, oblong in outline, 8.5-25(–45) × 2.1-15(–25) cm wide, lower ones petiolate, upper ones sessile and adnate, with short hairs set along the costae, rhachis and costules, veins mostly free, ultimate lobes rounded. Sori marginal, ± 2 mm long, linear or curved, borne in and around sinuses of ultimate segments; indusium pale, hairless, membranous.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On river bank in spray of waterfall.
Altitude range: 1300 m (approx)
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa and Madagascan region.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 85.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 94.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 143.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 86 - 87. (Includes a picture).

Verdcourt, B. (1999). Dennstaedtiaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 26. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Lonchitis occidentalis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lonchitis occidentalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lonchitis occidentalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lonchitis occidentalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lonchitis occidentalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Lonchitis occidentalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lonchitis occidentalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Lonchitis occidentalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lonchitis occidentalis
Plants of the World Online: Lonchitis occidentalis
Tropicos: Lonchitis occidentalis
Wikipedia: Lonchitis occidentalis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Lonchitis occidentalis.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=213690, retrieved 4 March 2024

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