Hypoestes triflora (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult.

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Hypoestes triflora

Picture: Bart Wursten
Southern Loop, Nyika National Park

Hypoestes triflora

Picture: Bart Wursten
Southern Loop, Nyika National Park

Hypoestes triflora

Picture: Bart Wursten
Southern Loop, Nyika National Park

Hypoestes triflora

Picture: Bart Wursten
Southern Loop, Nyika National Park

Hypoestes triflora

Picture: Bart Wursten
Southern Loop, Nyika National Park

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Synonyms: Hypoestes consanguinea Lindau
Hypoestes kilimandscharica Lindau
Hypoestes phaylopsoides S. Moore
Hypoestes rosea sensu Clarke p.p. non P. Beauv.
Justicia triflora Forssk.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Creeping or scrambling herb, usually perennial, with stems up to 3 mlong,often rooting at the lower nodes. Leaves ovate, elliptic or lanceolate, 1.5-14 cm long, one leaf in an opposite pair larger than the other, margin, crenate-serrate or almost entire; petiole 0.7-6 cm long. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, clusters 1-4-flowered,sometimes together forming verticils at the end of the stem. Bracts leaf-like, ovate to oblanceolate, up to 20 mm long; bracteoles broadly obovate to oblong-elliptic, 7.5-18.5 mm long, one in a pair larger than the other, variously hairy, sometimes only on the margins. Calyx divided almost to the base, 5-lobed with lobes linear-lanceolate, 2-8 mm long. Corolla 17-32 mm long, 2-lipped, white to mauve with dark purple markings. Capsule 10.5-15-5 mm long, finely velvety towards the apex.
Type location:
Yemen
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: triflora: with 3 flowers, not an exact reference to the number of flowers together in a cluster.
Habitat: In clearings and along margins of montane forest, in dense scrub along streams or roadsides and in riverine forest.
Altitude range: 1100 - 2200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical africa, Swaziland and South Africa but oddly absent from the mountains of Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Also in southern Arabia, India to China and Thailand.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Mc,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 26 September 2018
Literature:

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 296 - 298.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 19.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 34.

Other sources of information about Hypoestes triflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hypoestes triflora
Flora of Mozambique: Hypoestes triflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hypoestes triflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hypoestes triflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hypoestes triflora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hypoestes triflora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hypoestes triflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hypoestes triflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hypoestes triflora
iNaturalist: Hypoestes triflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hypoestes triflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Hypoestes triflora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hypoestes triflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hypoestes triflora
Plants of the World Online: Hypoestes triflora
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hypoestes triflora
Tropicos: Hypoestes triflora
Wikipedia: Hypoestes triflora


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Hypoestes triflora.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=214320, retrieved 23 August 2019

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