Helichrysum tillandsiifolium O. Hoffm.

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Helichrysum tillandsiifolium

Rocky montane grassland
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Helichrysum tillandsiifolium

Rocky montane grassland
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Helichrysum tillandsiifolium

Rocky montane grassland
Mafinga Mountains, Mafinga District
Jan 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Helichrysum chamaethamnos Mattf.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Perennial herb forming cushions to 1 m in diameter, with flowering stems to 10(–20) cm high; rhizome woody and branched; stems prostrate, branched, covered in leaf sheaths, densely leafy. Leaves discolorous and silvery-grey beneath, sessile, linear, 1–3(–4) cm long, 0.1–0.3 cm wide, base half-amplexicaul and sheathing for afew mm, apex acute and mucronate, glabrous above with 3–5 clear parallel veins, silvery tomentose beneath. Capitula 3.5–6 mm long, heterogamous, 10–20(–30) together in terminal subglobose corymbs. Florets yellow, 40–50; outer florets 6–7, filiform, tube 2.3–2.5 mm long, lobes 0.4–0.5 mm long, style 2.5–3 mm long; inner florets 35–44, tube narrowly infundibuliform, 2.5–3 mm long, lobes 0.5–0.7 mm long, sparsely glandular, anthers ± 1.2 mm long, style 3–4 mm long. Achenes cylindrical, 0.5–0.9 mm long, glabrous; pappus white, 2–2.5 mm long, caducous in groups.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: tillandsifolium: with leaves resembling Tillandsia, a genus in the Bromeliad family, Bromeliaceae
Habitat: Rocky outcrops in montane grassland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: DRC (Katanga), Zambia and Tanzania
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 27 July 2023

Wild, H. (Undated, c. 1980?). A draft revision of Helichrysum Mill. for Flora Zambesiaca Unpublished ms. Pages 46 - 47.

Other sources of information about Helichrysum tillandsiifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Helichrysum tillandsiifolium
Flora of Malawi: Helichrysum tillandsiifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Helichrysum tillandsiifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Helichrysum tillandsiifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Helichrysum tillandsiifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Helichrysum tillandsiifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Helichrysum tillandsiifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Helichrysum tillandsiifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Helichrysum tillandsiifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Helichrysum tillandsiifolium
Plants of the World Online: Helichrysum tillandsiifolium
Tropicos: Helichrysum tillandsiifolium
Wikipedia: Helichrysum tillandsiifolium

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Helichrysum tillandsiifolium.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=227370, retrieved 25 September 2023

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