Monopsis stellarioides (Presl.) Urb.

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Description:
Annual or perennial decumbent herb, often stoloniferous. Stems 5–60 cm. long, usually rooting at the lower nodes, ribbed, with harsh retrorse pubescence. Leaves opposite, subsessile or shortly petiolate, linear to elliptic, up to 10–35 x 2–9 mm., acute or obtuse and mucronulate at the apex, rounded to attenuate at the base, almost glabrous or usually with fine but harsh pubescence on both surfaces, usually retrorse beneath and at margin, but with forwardly directed hairs above; margin incrassate, slightly revolute, crenate or serrate; midvein prominent beneath. Flowers not resupinate, solitary, axillary, scattered on the stem; pedicels 8–35 mm. long, pubescent with retrorse hairs; bracteoles at the base of the pedicel, 6–16 mm. long, resembling small leaves. Hypanthium obconical or obovoid, ± 10–nerved, pubescent. Calyx–lobes 2–6 mm. long, acute, entire, ± pubescent at the margins and on the outside, often reflexed in fruit. Corolla 6·5–11·5 mm. long, dirty yellow, dull pink, brownish purple or violet (but always ± violet when dried), with two bumps in the mouth of the tube, split on the lower side almost to the base, two–lipped with the upper lip 3–lobed and the lower lip consisting of two spathulate lobes united with the tube for 0·5–2·5 mm; short pubescent outside, often with longer hairs on the midveins of the lobes, glabrous or puberulous inside. Filaments free from corolla, linear, connate above, all pubescent at least on the inside above. Anther–tube ±1·6 mm. long, all anthers densely penicillate at the tip, otherwise glabrous. Stigma–lobes ± 0·6 mm. long. Capsule ± 10–nerved, obconical to oblong–obovoid, up to 10 mm. long, pubescent, dehiscing by valves up to 1–5 mm. long, or ±, indehiscent. Seeds broadly elliptic or subcircular in outline, compressed, ± 0·6 mm. long, distinctly and regularly reticulate, dark brown (description JSTOR)
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Worldwide distribution:
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces):
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Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
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Literature:

Thulin, M. (1983). Lobeliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Page 116.

Other sources of information about Monopsis stellarioides:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monopsis stellarioides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monopsis stellarioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monopsis stellarioides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Monopsis stellarioides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Monopsis stellarioides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monopsis stellarioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Monopsis stellarioides
iNaturalist: Monopsis stellarioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monopsis stellarioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Monopsis stellarioides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Monopsis stellarioides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monopsis stellarioides
Plants of the World Online: Monopsis stellarioides
Tropicos: Monopsis stellarioides
Wikipedia: Monopsis stellarioides


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-22

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2022). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Monopsis stellarioides.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=229030, retrieved 25 September 2022

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