Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Arecales

Arecaceae - Palm family

Palmae

Dransfield, J. (1986) Palmae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs, rarely climbers. Leaves alternate, usually very large and in terminal rosettes, with a sheathing base; petiole or rhachis often prickly; lamina pinnate, bipinnate (Caryota), palmate, costapalmate or undivided, sometimes with a hastula. Inflorescences axillary, simple to paniculate, with branching up to 4 orders. Flowers usually small, unisexual (when plant is dioecious or monoecious) or bisexual. Calyx and corolla usually in whorls of 3. Stamens usually 6. Ovary superior. Fruit usually a drupe; seed usually 1.

Worldwide: 201 genera and 2,650 species, tropical (but few in Africa) and warm.

Zambia: 9 cultivated genera and 10 cultivated taxa.

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Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Archontophoenix H.A. Wendl.Description
Caryota L.Description
Chamaedorea Willd.Description
Cocos L.Description
Elaeis Jacq.Description
Hyophorbe Gaertn.Description
Phoenix L.Description
Syagrus Mart.Description
Washingtonia H.A. Wendl.Description

Other sources of information about Arecaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Arecaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Arecaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Arecaceae
Flora of Malawi: Arecaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Arecaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Arecaceae
Flora of Zambia: Arecaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Arecaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Arecaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Arecaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Arecaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Arecaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Arecaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Arecaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Arecaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Arecaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Arecaceae
Wikipedia: Arecaceae
Plants of the World Online: Arecaceae
Tropicos: Arecaceae



Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Cultivated plants: Family page: Arecaceae.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/cult/family.php?family_id=20, retrieved 17 July 2024

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