Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Archichlamydeae: Santalales


Stannard, B.L. (2006) Balanophoraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3)

Description of the family

Herbaceous, perennial root-parasites without roots or chlorophyll, arising from underground tubers attached to the roots of the host. Leaves spiral or distichous, scale-like. Flowers unisexual. Male flowers: tepals 3-9; stamens 2 or 3(4). Female flowers: perianth segments 0 or 3; 3- or 4-merous; ovary ± inferior; style present or 0. Fruit a 1-seeded achene.

Worldwide: 18 genera and 44 species, mostly tropical.

Zambia: 2 genera and 2 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Sarcophyte Sparrm.Description
Thonningia VahlDescription

Other sources of information about Balanophoraceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Balanophoraceae
Flora of Mozambique: Balanophoraceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Balanophoraceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Balanophoraceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Balanophoraceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Balanophoraceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Balanophoraceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Balanophoraceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Balanophoraceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Balanophoraceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Balanophoraceae
Wikipedia: Balanophoraceae
Plants of the World Online: Balanophoraceae
Tropicos: Balanophoraceae

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Balanophoraceae.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=29, retrieved 25 May 2024

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