Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Orobanchaceae - Broomrape family

Byng, J.W. (2014) The Flowering Plants Handbook Plant Gateway Limited, Hertford, UK

Description of the family

Perennial, biennial or annual herbs, subshrubs or shrubs; usually root-hemiparasites (with chlorophyll) or holoparasites (without chlorophyll). Leaves simple, opposite or alternate (spiral), scale-like in holoparasites; margins entire, toothed or deeply lobed. Venation pinnate or palmate. Inflorescence of racemes, spikes or rarely solitary flowers. Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic. Sepals fused. Petals fused, imbricate, 2-lipped; upper lip 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed. Ovary superior; carpels fused. Seed a loculicidal or septicidal capsule, rarely a drupe, berry or schizocarp.

Comment: The genera in this family until recently were considered part of Scrophulariaceae sensu lato. Recent research established they are a monophyletic group of hemiparasitic species forming a distinct family.

Worldwide: c. 98 genera and 2000 species, more or less cosmopolitan but especially in temperate Eurasia, tropical Africa, North America and South America, Australia and New Zealand.

Zambia: 12 genera and 85 taxa.

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Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Alectra Thunb.Description
Buchnera L.Description
Cycnium E. Mey. ex Benth.Description
Gerardiina Engl.Description
Harveya Hook.Description
Hedbergia MolauDescription
Melasma P.J. BergiusDescription
Micrargeria Benth.Description
Orobanche L.Description
Rhamphicarpa Benth.Description, Image
Sopubia Buch-Ham. ex D. DonDescription
Striga Lour.Description

Other sources of information about Orobanchaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Orobanchaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Orobanchaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Orobanchaceae
Flora of Malawi: Orobanchaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Orobanchaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Orobanchaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Orobanchaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Orobanchaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orobanchaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Orobanchaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Orobanchaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orobanchaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Orobanchaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Orobanchaceae
Wikipedia: Orobanchaceae
Plants of the World Online: Orobanchaceae
Tropicos: Orobanchaceae

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Family page: Orobanchaceae.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=290, retrieved 2 March 2024

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