7191.000 Clerodendrum L.


Yuan, Y.W., Mabberly, D.J., Steane, D.A. & Olmstead, R.G. (2010) Further disintegration and redefinition of Clerodendrum (Lamiaceae): Implications for the understanding of the evolution of an intriguing breeding strategy Taxon 59(1) 125-133

Description of the genus

Trees, shrubs, subshrubs or lianes, usually strongly foetid when crushed. Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3-4, simple. Flowers in lax cymes, panicles, corymbs or heads, rarely solitary. Calyx campanulate to tubular, truncate to 5-toothed. often accrescent in fruit, sometimes coloured and showy. Flower bud symmetrical, or if asymmetrical usually expanding on the upper side due to resupination; anterior corolla lobe only slightly (if at all) larger than the other 4. Corolla white, blue, violet or red; tube sometimes very long or only as long as the calyx. Stamens 4-5, didynamous, usually long-exserted; anthers dorsifixed. Ovary imperfectly 4-locular. Stigma 2-fid, exserted, the lobes equal. Fruit a drupe, often 4-grooved and ± (2-)4-lobed.

Worldwide: c. 400 species in tropical and warm countries

Zambia: 10 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Acherontia atropos (Death's head hawk)
Rhodogastria amasis (Tri-coloured tiger)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
baumii Gürke BW
buchneri GürkeB,N,W,C,SNw,N,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
capitatum (Willd.) Schumach. & Thonn.NLp,NDescription, Image
formicarum Gürke N,WNw,LpImage
frutectorum S. MooreB,N,W,C,E,SCb,Lp,E,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
johnstonii Oliv. EMcDescription, Image
pusillum GürkeN,W,C,SNw,N,C,LkDescription, Image
silvanum Henriques var. silvanum N,WNw,N
tanganyikense Baker B,N,W,C,SNw,N,Mc,C,SDescription, Image
ternatum SchinzB,C,SLk,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Clerodendrum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Clerodendrum
Flora of Caprivi: Clerodendrum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Clerodendrum
Flora of Malawi: Clerodendrum
Flora of Mozambique: Clerodendrum
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Clerodendrum
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Clerodendrum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Clerodendrum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Clerodendrum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clerodendrum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clerodendrum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clerodendrum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clerodendrum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Clerodendrum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clerodendrum
JSTOR Plant Science: Clerodendrum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clerodendrum
Plants of the World Online: Clerodendrum
Tropicos: Clerodendrum
Wikipedia: Clerodendrum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Clerodendrum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1212, retrieved 25 April 2024

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