Clerodendrum frutectorum S. Moore

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Clerodendrum frutectorum

Picture: Alistair Hull
Mana Pools NP

Clerodendrum frutectorum

Picture: Alistair Hull
Mana Pools NP

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Synonyms: Clerodendrum capitatum (Willd.) Schumach. & Thonn. var. rhodesiense Moldenke
Clerodendrum capitatum sensu White, For. Fl. N. Rhod.: 367 (1962)
Clerodendrum capitatum (Willd.) Schumach. & Thonn. var. conglobatum sensu Moldenke in Phytologia 58: 439 (1985) p.p.
Common names:
Status: Native
A weak-stemmed smallish shrub to 1.2 m high, rarely up to 3 m high; stems dark grey, erect and sparsely branched or arching. Leaves opposite, somewhat clustered towards the ends of branchlets, oblong-ovate to broadly ovate or oblong, up to 30 cm long, smaller just below the inflorescence, more or less cordate or sometimes rounded at the base, thinly textured, sparsely pubescent above, more densely so beneath particularly on the veins; margin entire to remotely and irregularly bluntly toothed or crenate; petiole 1–16 cm long. Inflorescences terminal, subglobose, 3–5.5 cm in diameter(without the corollas), surrounded by the upper leaves; bracts lanceolate to elliptic, 1.2–2.5 cm long, abruptly narrowed into a stipe-like base, pubescent. Corolla white; tube sometimes greenish-white 7.5–12.5 cm long, rather curved above, with short glandular hairs outside. Stamens exserted for 3.5–4 cm; style greenish. Fruit 12 mm long, purple to nearly black.
Type location:
Notes: Another species often confused with Clerodendrum capitatum(Willd.) Schumach. & Thonn. That species differs by being a scrambling shrub or liane with spine-like modified petiole bases, having a different indumentum, smaller and more cordate leaves and shorter petioles as well as somewhat different bracts.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In riverine forest and in thickets along rivers, dambo margins, lake shores and on termite mounds, also in mixed woodland, on Kalahari sand and alluvial soils. Always in shaded situations.
Altitude range: 360 - 1280 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,Lp,E,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 102 - 103.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 55.

Other sources of information about Clerodendrum frutectorum:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Clerodendrum frutectorum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clerodendrum frutectorum
African Plant Database: Clerodendrum frutectorum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clerodendrum frutectorum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clerodendrum frutectorum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clerodendrum frutectorum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Clerodendrum frutectorum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clerodendrum frutectorum
JSTOR Plant Science: Clerodendrum frutectorum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clerodendrum frutectorum
Plants of the World Online: Clerodendrum frutectorum
Tropicos: Clerodendrum frutectorum
Wikipedia: Clerodendrum frutectorum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Clerodendrum frutectorum., retrieved 30 September 2023

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