8399.000 Psychotria L.



Verdcourt, B. (1988) Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1)

Description of the genus

Subshrubs, shrubs or trees. Stipules entire or fimbriate. Leaves opposite, petiolate, either with domatia or with black nodules scattered throughout the leaf lamina. Flowers 4-5-merous, bisexual, heterostylous, arranged in terminal paniculate or umbellate inflorescences. Calyx minutely lobed. Corolla tube usually shortly cylindric; lobes valvate. Ovary 2-(3-4)-locular. Fruit a drupe, with 1-2 pyrenes, these not markedly dehiscent. Seeds usually with a dark (reddish-brown) testa; endosperm usually strongly ruminate.

Derivation of name: vivifying, from Greek: psyche, meaning life, referring to the healing properties of some species.

Worldwide: 800 - 1500 species in the tropics.

Zambia: 21 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Temnora marginata (Marginate temnora)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
butayei De Wild. var. butayei B,N,W,SNw,N,W
butayei De Wild. var. glabra (Good) Petit WNw
diversinodula (Verdc.) Verdc. N
djumaensis De Wild. var. zambesiaca E.M.A. PetitB,N,WNw,Lp,N,W
eminiana (Kuntze) E.M.A. Petit var. eminiana N,W,C,ENw,N,EDescription, Image
eminiana (Kuntze) E.M.A. Petit var. stolzii (K.Krause) Petit
eminiana (Kuntze) E.M.A. Petit var. heteroclada Petit NLp
heterosticta E.M.A. Petit var. heterosticta Nw,Lp
kikwitensis De Wild. Nw
kirkii HiernN,W,C,SCb,N,Mc,C,LkDescription, Image
linearisepala E.M.A. Petit var. linearisepala N,W,CCb,N,C
mahonii C.H. WrightN,WNw,NDescription, Image
mwinilungae Verdc. [VU]Nw
peduncularis (Salisb.) Steyerm. var. nyassana (Krause) Verdc.N,WNw,N
peduncularis (Salis.) Steyerm. var. rufonyassana Verdc. B,N,WNw,Cb,N
pumila Hiern var. leuconeura (K. Schum. & K. Krause) E.M.A. PetitE
pumila Hiern var. pumila N,W,C,E,SNw,N,E,Lk,SDescription, Image
pumila Hiern var. subumbellata (Petit) Verdc. [DD]Lp
spithamea S. MooreN,W,C,E,SNw,N,E,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
succulenta (Hiern) E.M.A. PetitCb,Lp
zombamontana (Kuntze) E.M.A. PetitN,EMcDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Psychotria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Psychotria
Flora of Malawi: Psychotria
Flora of Mozambique: Psychotria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Psychotria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Psychotria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Psychotria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Psychotria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Psychotria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Psychotria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Psychotria
JSTOR Plant Science: Psychotria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Psychotria
Plants of the World Online: Psychotria
Tropicos: Psychotria
Wikipedia: Psychotria

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Psychotria.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1413, retrieved 28 September 2023

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