Psychotria pumila Hiern
var. pumila

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Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Miombo woodland
Lilayi Lodge, Lusaka
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Miombo woodland
Lilayi Lodge, Lusaka
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Miombo woodland
Lilayi Lodge, Lusaka
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Synonyms: Psychotria albidocalyx Petit var. subumbellata
Psychotria brachythamnus K. Schum. & K. Krause
Common names:
Status: Native
Subshrub with erect shoots (2)5-30 cm tall growing from ± horizontal underground stems; stems shortly densely pubescent, glabrescent or glabrous, older stems longitundinally ridged; leaf blades 2-14 x 0.5-5.8 cm, narrowly elliptic to elliptic or sometimes ovate to obovate or oblanceolate, usually markedly discolorous with the underside pale or quite whitish, petiole 0.1-1 cm; stipules prominently bilobed with base 2.5-5 mm long and lobes 1.5-4 mm long; flowers 5-merous, in few to many flowered condensed subumbelliform cymes 1-1.5 cm in diameter; peduncle 0.5-6.5 cm long, pedicles 1-5(7) mm long; calyx 1 mm long with unequal short subtriangular to ovate lobes up to 0.3 mm long; corolla white, glabrous outside, tube (2.5)3-5 x c. 1 mm, oblong-lanceolate; drupes green turning yellow, orange and finally bright red with 2 subgloboes pyrenes 5-6 mm in diameter; seeds dark red, 3.5 x 3.5 x 2 mm, semi-ellipsoid or semi-globose.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: pumila: dwarf
Habitat: Brachystegia-Julbernardia-Uapaca woodland, particularly in rocky places, plateau woodland, open savanna woodland or occasionally in grassland
Altitude range: 100 - 1740 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,E,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 20 April 2021

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 277. as Psychotria albidocalyx

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 73.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 91.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 167.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 26 - 27.

Other sources of information about Psychotria pumila var. pumila:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Psychotria pumila var. pumila
Flora of Mozambique: Psychotria pumila var. pumila
Flora of Zimbabwe: Psychotria pumila var. pumila

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Psychotria pumila
African Plant Database: Psychotria pumila
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Psychotria pumila
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Psychotria pumila
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Psychotria pumila
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Psychotria pumila
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Psychotria pumila
JSTOR Plant Science: Psychotria pumila
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Psychotria pumila
Plants of the World Online: Psychotria pumila
Tropicos: Psychotria pumila
Wikipedia: Psychotria pumila

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Psychotria pumila var. pumila., retrieved 5 October 2023

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