G.406. Ctenium Panz.

Description of the genus

Perennials. Inflorescence a solitary raceme bearing pectinate spikelets on a semi-terete (crescent-shaped in section) rhachis. Spikelets several-flowered: 2 lowermost florets barren; 3rd fertile and the apical 1(-3) much reduced. Spikelets laterally flattened, sessile, alternate in 2 rows, disarticulating above the glumes but not between the florets. Glumes unequal; lower small with an awn-point; upper as long as and enclosing the florets, shortly awned from the apex and also bearing an oblique dorsal awn. Lemmas long-awned from the back or near the apex, conspicuously ciliate.

Worldwide: 17 species in tropical Africa, Madagascar and tropical America

Zambia: 3 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
concinnum NeesNNDescription
newtonii Hack. Nw
somalense (Chiov.) Chiov.NwDescription

Other sources of information about Ctenium:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Ctenium
Flora of Malawi: Ctenium
Flora of Mozambique: Ctenium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ctenium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ctenium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ctenium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ctenium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ctenium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ctenium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ctenium
JSTOR Plant Science: Ctenium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ctenium
Plants of the World Online: Ctenium
Tropicos: Ctenium
Wikipedia: Ctenium

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Ctenium.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=180, retrieved 22 February 2024

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