G.568. Saccharum L.

Fayaz, F. (2011) Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants Firefly Books, New Zealand

Description of the genus

Grasses, usually large, perennial, rhizomatous or tufted. Culms robust to 7 m. tall. Leaves cauline; lamina narrowly to broadly linear, midrib usually broad, white; ligule membranous, margin ciliolate. Inflorescence terminal, a large plumose panicle with elongate central axis, its branches bearing numerous hairy racemes; racemes fragile, sessile. Spikelets usually small, lanceolate, dorsally compressed or pedicelled spikelet more rounded on back; callus short, bearded; lower glume membranous, thinly cartilaginous or becoming leathery below.

Worldwide: 35-40 species in tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide, mainly in Asia.

Zambia: 1 taxon.

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SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
officinarum L.

Other sources of information about Saccharum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Saccharum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Saccharum

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Saccharum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Saccharum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Saccharum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Saccharum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Saccharum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Saccharum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Saccharum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=2132, retrieved 4 June 2020

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