1026.000 Aloe L. - Aloe


Carter, S. (2001) Aloaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(3)

Fowler, D.G. (2007) Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Grace, O.M., Klopper, R.R., Smith, G.F., Crouch, N.R., Figueiredo, E., Rønsted, N., Van Wyk, A.E. (2013) A revised generic classification for Aloe (Xanthorrhoeaceae subfam. Asphodeloideae) Phytotaxa 76(1) 7-14

Harding, T.B.C. (1979) Aloes of the World: A Checklist, Index and Code as at December 1979. Excelsa 9

Reynolds, G.W. (1966) The Aloes of Tropical Africa and Madagascar. The Aloes Book Fund, Mbabane, Swaziland.

Williamson, G. (2002) Notes on Zambian Aloes Aloe 39(3&4) 83-91

Description of the genus

Succulent perennials, sometimes large and shrub-like, but not dichotomously branched trees or large shrubs. Leaves borne in rosettes or distichous, usually stiff, succulent, with hard-toothed or spiny margins, spotted or unspotted; dried leaves persistent or not. Inflorescence variously branched or simple. Flowers usually brightly coloured, actinomorphic, only rarely ± 2-lipped, variously shaped, with or without a pronounced constriction above a bulbous basal swelling. A well known genus of mainly winter-flowering species.

Derivation of name: Aloe is the Greek name for Aloe vera, one of the bitter aloes of medicine.

Comment: The aloes are popular garden ornaments, interesting in themselves, easy to grow and propagate, with the flowers attracting sunbirds. The shrubby species Aloe arborescens and A. cameronii make impenetrable hedges. Although the leaves are unpalatable, antelopes browse the inflorescences.
Hybridization is common wherever more than one species are cultivated in gardens, but also occurs naturally.
Common names: cilambwe (Lunda), itembusya (Bemba), kanembe (Tonga), kanembe (Ila), cilambwe (Soli), hopani (Lozi).

Worldwide: c.365 species, tropics and especially southern Africa, Madagascar, Arabia and Canary Isles.

Zambia: 18 taxa.

Aloe mzimbana

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
bicomitum L.C. Leach [DD]NN
bulbicaulis Christian N,WNw,Cb,Lp,NDescription, Image
cameronii Hemsl. var. cameronii EEDescription, Image
chabaudii Schönland var. chabaudii B,C,E,SE,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
christianii ReynoldsN,W,C,E,SNw,N,E,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
cryptopoda BakerSLk,SDescription, Image
duckeri Christian N,ELp,N,McDescription, Image
esculenta L.C. Leach [EX?]BWDescription, Image
excelsa A. Berger var. excelsa [VU]CSDescription, Image
fimbrialis S.Carter BNw
greatheadii Schönland var. greatheadii B,W,SDescription, Image
luapulana L.C. Leach [DD]NLp
milne-redheadii Christian [DD]W,CNw,CDescription, Image
mkushiana T.A.McCoy[End][DD]CCDescription, Image
mzimbana Christian N,W,C,ECb,Lp,N,McDescription, Image
nuttii Baker N,W,CCb,N,CDescription, Image
veseyi Reynolds [DD]NN
zebrina BakerB,N,W,C,SNw,Mc,C,S,WDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Aloe:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Aloe
Flora of Caprivi: Aloe
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Aloe
Flora of Malawi: Aloe
Flora of Mozambique: Aloe
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Aloe
Flora of Zimbabwe: Aloe
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Aloe

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Aloe
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Aloe
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Aloe
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Aloe
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Aloe
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aloe
JSTOR Plant Science: Aloe
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Aloe
Plants of the World Online: Aloe
Tropicos: Aloe
Wikipedia: Aloe

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Aloe.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=340, retrieved 20 June 2024

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