Aloe esculenta L.C. Leach

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Aloe esculenta

Lusaka, cultivatedfrom material collected Ngonye Falls;
Aug 1991
Photo: Mike Bingham

Aloe esculenta

Lusaka, cultivated from material collected Ngonye Falls;
Jul 2008
Photo: Mike Bingham

Aloe esculenta

Lusaka, cultivated from material collected Ngonye Falls;
Jul 2008
Photo: Mike Bingham

Aloe esculenta

Lusaka, cultivated from material collected Ngonye Falls;
Aug 2008
Photo: Mike Bingham

Aloe esculenta

Prickles on leaf underside;
Lusaka cultivated from material collected Ngonye Falls;
May 2009
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Common names:
Status: Native
Stem to 40 cm long, often decumbent, suckering to form dense clumps; leaves densely spotted and the lower surface with scattered prickles towards the leaf tips. Inflorescence 3‒5-branched; racemes laxly flowered. Outer perianth segments free to half way.
Type location:
Notes: The only recorded locality in Zambia is at Sioma. The general habitat is recorded as dry woodland. In the early 1990s it was found only on a boulder strewn plain below the Ngonye Falls on the Zambezi River near Sioma, but it has not been seen recently. Cultivated plants in Lusaka are known to have been collected from the Ngonye Falls, and it is likely that collectors have depleted the population.
Conservation status: Data deficient, possibly extinct in the wild in Zambia.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In Zambia amongst boulders below a waterfall, elsewhere in dry woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jul - Aug
Worldwide distribution: Zambia, Angola, Botswana, Namibia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B
Zambian distribution (Provinces): W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Extinct?
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 25 June 2015

Carter, S. (2001). Aloaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(3) Pages 83 - 84.

Other sources of information about Aloe esculenta:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Aloe esculenta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Aloe esculenta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Aloe esculenta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Aloe esculenta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Aloe esculenta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Aloe esculenta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aloe esculenta
JSTOR Plant Science: Aloe esculenta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Aloe esculenta
Plants of the World Online: Aloe esculenta
Tropicos: Aloe esculenta
Wikipedia: Aloe esculenta

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Aloe esculenta., retrieved 29 November 2023

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