4273.000 Polygala L.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs. Flowers zygomorphic, papilionaceous, in terminal or lateral racemes, rarely solitary. Sepals unequal, 5, the 3 outer ones usually sepaloid (see note below) and the 2 inner ones (wings) larger and petaloid. The sepals are either all free or the 2 anterior ones are united. Petals 3(-5), the lowest one (the keel) usually crested; two lateral ones usually vestigial or 0, and 2 upper ones joined at the base to the keel. Stamens 8 (rarely 4 or 5), sometimes only 6 fertile with 2 staminodes. Ovary 2-locular. Fruit a flattened, capsule. Seeds 2, usually with a caruncle and with sericeous indumentum. Of the three outer, sepaloid sepals, two are anterior and one posterior. It is helpful to examine these plants when fresh and to note whether the anterior sepals are free or united. If they are united, note also if there are 8 fertile stamens or 6 fertile and 2 staminodes.

Worldwide: c. 500 species, ± cosmopolitan

Zambia: 37 taxa.

Polygala virgata var. decora

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
africana ChodatB,N,W,SNw,N,Mc,S,WDescription, Image
albida Schinz subsp. albida N,W,C,SCb,N,Lk,SDescription, Image
albida Schinz subsp. stanleyana (Chodat) PaivaNDescription, Image
arenicola Gürke Nw,C,Lk,S,W
baumii Gürke [NrEnd]W,CCb,CDescription, Image
britteniana ChodatN
capillaris E. Mey.SS,WDescription, Image
claessensii ChodatNw,N
dewevrei Exell Nw
erioptera DC. subsp. erioptera NLp,LkDescription, Image
exelliana Troupin N,WNw,N,Mc
friesii Chodat[LR-lc]Cb,Lp,N,C
goetzei GürkeN
gomesiana Welw. ex Oliv. Nw
gossweileri Exell & Mendonça Cb
homblei Exell Nw
kalaboensis Paiva
kalaxariensis SchinzW
melilotoides ChodatCb,N,C,Lk
mendoncae E.M.A. Petit Nw
myriantha ChodatNw,C,LkDescription, Image
nambalensis Gürke Nw,W
nematophylla Exell
nyikensis Exell [NrEnd]EMcDescription, Image
persicariifolia DC.Cb,N,Lk
petitiana A. Rich. subsp. parviflora (Exell) PaivaCb,N
petitiana A. Rich. subsp. petitiana var. petitiana W,CNw,LkDescription, Image
rivularis Gürke Nw,N
sphenoptera Fresen.B,N,SNw,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
spicata ChodatN,WNw,NDescription, Image
stenopetala KlotzschNw,N,Lk
ukirensis Gürke Nw,N
usafuensis Gürke Cb,N,E,C
virgata Thunb. var. decora (Sond.) Harv.E,CDescription, Image
welwitschii Chodat subsp. pygmaea (Gürke) PaivaNw,C,S,WDescription, Image
xanthina ChodatN
youngii Exell Nw

Other sources of information about Polygala:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Polygala
Flora of Caprivi: Polygala
Flora of Malawi: Polygala
Flora of Mozambique: Polygala
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Polygala
Flora of Zimbabwe: Polygala
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Polygala

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Polygala
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Polygala
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Polygala
Wikipedia: Polygala
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Polygala
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Polygala

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-22

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2022). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Polygala.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=824, retrieved 26 May 2022

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