4503.000 Monadenium Pax

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001) Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5)

Description of the genus

Small trees, shrubs or perennial herbs with milky latex. Stems and branches succulent. Stipules 0 or modified as glands or spines. Leaves alternate, fleshy. Inflorescences axillary with sessile cyathia in dichotomously branching cymes, rarely solitary; bracts paired, persistent. Cyathium with glands forming an entire rim, notched on the lower side, surrounding 5-fringed lobes. Male flowers in 5 groups, bracteolate. Female flower stalked; ovary 3-locular; styles 3 with 2-fid stigmas. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule, exserted through the notch in the glandular rim, dehiscent. Seeds with a cap-like pale yellow caruncle, rarely ecarunculate.

Worldwide: Over 70 spp, occurring in eastern tropical Africa from Somalia in the north to the northern province of South Africa and west into Angola

Zambia: 17 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
capitatum P.R.O. BallyN,WCb,N
discoideum P.R.O. Bally[VU]WCb
fanshawei P.R.O.Bally
filiforme (P.R.O. Bally) S. Carter[VU]NLp
friesii N.E. Br.[VU]N,C,EN,E,C,Lk
fwambense N.E. Br.NN
herbaceum Pax[NrEnd][DD]NNDescription, Image
hirsutum P.R.O. Bally[End][DD]NNDescription, Image
mafingense Hargr.[NrEnd]NMcDescription, Image
nervosum P.R.O. BallyNLp,NImage
orobanchoides P.R.O. BallyNN
parviflorum N.E. Br.NN
pedunculatum S. CarterNNDescription, Image
pseudoracemosum P.R.O. Bally var. lorifolium P.R.O. Bally[End][VU]NNDescription
pudibundum P.R.O. Bally var. pudibundum [VU]WNw
pudibundum P.R.O. Bally var. lanatum S. CarterWNw
schubei (pax) P.R.O. Bally[DD]EEDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Monadenium:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Monadenium
Flora of Malawi: Monadenium
Flora of Mozambique: Monadenium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Monadenium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monadenium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monadenium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monadenium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monadenium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Monadenium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monadenium
JSTOR Plant Science: Monadenium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monadenium
Plants of the World Online: Monadenium
Tropicos: Monadenium
Wikipedia: Monadenium

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Monadenium.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=877, retrieved 5 October 2023

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