Monadenium pseudoracemosum P.R.O. Bally
var. lorifolium P.R.O. Bally

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Synonyms: Euphorbia pseudoracemosa var. lorifolia (P.R.O. Bally) Bruyns
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Glabrous perennial herb, with a cylindrical tuberous root to 10 × 1.5 cm producing a woody subterranean stem to 6 cm. long and annual stems to 7 cm. high; leaves subsessile, linear-oblanceolate to 11 × 2 cm, apex rounded, margins minutely crisped, midrib ± keeled beneath, lamina often tinged red on the undersurface; cymes on peduncles to 2.5 cm. long, 1-forked with cyme-branches to 1.5 cm. long, or cyathia solitary, peduncles and cyme-branches with longitudinal winged ridges; bract-cup ± equal to the involucre, ± 6 × 10 mm., notched to ± halfway between acute apices and keeled midribs, green with darker veining; cyathia ± 5 × 4 mm., with cup-shaped involucres; glandular rim ± 2 mm. high, entire, pink, lobes rounded, ± 1.3 × 1.3 mm; male flowers:bracteoles few, filamentous; stamens 4 mm, long; female flower:perianth an obvious ± lobed rim ± 0.5 mm. wide; styles 2 mm. long, joined to halfway with thickened rugulose distinctly bifid apices; capsule exserted on a pedicel to 6 mm long, obtusely 3-lobed, ± 5 × 6 mm, with a fleshy ridge along each angle; seeds subglobose, 2.8 × 2.5 mm, black with shallow yellowish tubercles; caruncle sessile, 1 mm in diameter.
Var. pseudoracemosum from Tanzania along the south eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika differs in having obovate leaves up to 7.5 x 6 cm with margins entire.
Type location:
Zambia, Mpulungu
Notes: This taxon was described from only the type collection on Kumbula Island across from Mpulungu Harbour; habitat degradation of the escarpment woodland canopy posses a high risk to the understorey flora as population pressure increases in the Mpulungu area.
Derivation of specific name: pseudoracemosum: with a false raceme, in reference to the inflorescence.
lorifolium: with strap-shaped leaves
Habitat: Lakeshore, on steep slopes in dry rocky soil
Altitude range: 770 m (approx)
Flowering time:Apr - Aug
Worldwide distribution:
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 20 December 2022

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Page 443.

Other sources of information about Monadenium pseudoracemosum var. lorifolium:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monadenium pseudoracemosum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monadenium pseudoracemosum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monadenium pseudoracemosum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monadenium pseudoracemosum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Monadenium pseudoracemosum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monadenium pseudoracemosum
JSTOR Plant Science: Monadenium pseudoracemosum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monadenium pseudoracemosum
Plants of the World Online: Monadenium pseudoracemosum
Tropicos: Monadenium pseudoracemosum
Wikipedia: Monadenium pseudoracemosum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Monadenium pseudoracemosum var. lorifolium., retrieved 27 May 2024

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