5370.000 Adenia Forssk.

OPHIOCAULON Hook. f.

Description of the genus

Herbaceous or woody climbers, erect herbs, shrubs or small trees, sometimes with a grossly swollen massive trunk. Plants usually with tendrils. Stipules minute. Leaves alternate, sometimes simple and entire or variously lobed, or palmately dissected or digitate. Glands 1-2, usually present at base of lamina or at apex of petiole, sometimes elsewhere on lamina. Inflorescence axillary, cymose. Flowers unisexual or bisexual, usually greenish or yellowish. Sepals (4-)5(-6), free or partially connate into a tube. Petals (4-)5(-6). Corona poorly-developed or 0. Styles 3(-5). Capsule 3(-5)-valved. Seeds ± flattened, enclosed in an aril.

Worldwide: c.93 species, found in Africa, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka and Malaysia.

Zambia: 14 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Acraea oncaea (Window acraea or Rooibok)
Cadarena Pudoraria
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
digitata (Harv.) Engl.B,CLkDescription, Image
erecta W.J. de Wilde [VU]Nw
goetzei HarmsLkDescription, Image
gummifera (Harv.) Harms var. gummifera LkDescription, Image
gummifera (Harv.) Harms var. cerifera de Wilde
karibaensis W.J. de Wilde[End]Description, Image
lanceolata Engl. subsp. scheffleri (Engl. & Harms) de WildeN,E
lobata (Jacq.) Engl. subsp. rumicifolia (Engl. & Harms) LyeB,N,W,CNw,Lp,Lk,WDescription, Image
ovata W.J. de Wilde [LR-lc]Cb,N
panduriformis Engl.Description, Image
repanda (Burch.) Engl.[LR-nt]WDescription
stenodactyla HarmsNDescription, Image
stolzii Harms
tuberifera R.E.Fr. [VU]N

Other sources of information about Adenia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Adenia
Flora of Malawi: Adenia
Flora of Mozambique: Adenia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Adenia

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Adenia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Adenia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Adenia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adenia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Adenia

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Adenia.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=989, retrieved 19 September 2019

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