Phyllorachis sagittata Trimen

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Common names:
Status: Native
A loosely caespitose perennial (but frequently flowering in the first year), often of a shrubby habit. Culms up to 130 cm. tall, decumbent, rarely erect, terete, many-noded, branched, retrorsely scabrid or sometimes smooth; nodes stiffly retrorse-pilose to pubescent. Leaves evenly distributed over the culm. Leaf-sheaths coarsely striate, usually tight, sometimes slipping off the culm, retrorsely hispid to scabrid. Leaf-laminae slightly asymmetric, 3·5-12 x 1·5-2·2 (2·7) cm., lanceolate, narrowly elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, base sagittate, apex acute to acuminate, scabrid, sometimes with scattered stiff hairs along the nerves, margins often ciliate; auricles up to 12 mm. long, acute or subobtuse; pseudo-periole 0·5-2·5 mm. long. Inflorescences terminal, (3)4·5-12 cm. long, erect, straight or slightly curved, pale green; main axis flattened, 3-9 mm. wide; individual racemes up to 20 in number, 6-10 mm. long, with the rhachis c. 2·5 mm. wide. Spikelets of the axillary inflorescences up to 25 mm. long, their stigmas up to 25 mm. long or more. Male spikelets 5·5-8 mm. long, lanceolate to lanceolate-oblong in outline. Female spikelets narrowly ovate, slightly asymmetric, up to 16 mm. long, often scabrid.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: sagittata: arrow-shaped, sagittate
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: West-central tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,N,Mc,E,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 54.

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 37 - 38. As Phyllorhachis sagittata (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108.

Other sources of information about Phyllorachis sagittata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Phyllorachis sagittata
Flora of Mozambique: Phyllorachis sagittata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Phyllorachis sagittata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phyllorachis sagittata
African Plant Database: Phyllorachis sagittata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phyllorachis sagittata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phyllorachis sagittata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Phyllorachis sagittata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Phyllorachis sagittata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phyllorachis sagittata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Phyllorachis sagittata
iNaturalist: Phyllorachis sagittata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phyllorachis sagittata
JSTOR Plant Science: Phyllorachis sagittata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Phyllorachis sagittata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Phyllorachis sagittata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phyllorachis sagittata
Plants of the World Online: Phyllorachis sagittata
Tropicos: Phyllorachis sagittata
Wikipedia: Phyllorachis sagittata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Phyllorachis sagittata., retrieved 30 March 2023

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