Polypogon schimperianus (Hochst. ex Steud.) Cope

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Synonyms: Agrostis hirtella Hochst. ex Steud.
Agrostis schimperiana Steud.
Agrostis simensis Hochst. ex Steud.
Common names:
Status: Native
A stoloniferous perennial, loosely caespitose. Culms 25-140 cm. tall or even more, erect or geniculately ascending, slender, simple, 3-many-noded. Leaf-sheaths scabridulous towards the mouth. Leaf-laminae 5-17 x 0.25-0.6 cm., usually expanded, tapering to a fine point, glabrous, sometimes slightly rigid, scaberulous. Panicle 5-25 cm. long, up to 2.75 mm. wide, contracted, linear to oblong in outline, straight or slightly curved, sometimes lobed or interrupted. Spikelets 2-2.6 mm. long, widely gaping, pale-green or tinged with purple. Glumes 1 -nerved, subequal, as long as the spikelet, lanceolate, membranous, acute, scaberulous to scabrous. Lemma 1.4-1.6 mm. long, oblong-elliptic when expanded, 5-nerved, apex truncate, all nerves or at least the lateral pairs excurrent into short mucros, rarely with the central nerve excurrent into a short (0.5 mm.) awn; callus glabrous. Palea slightly shorter than the lemma, faintly 2-nerved, apex usually 2-dentate; rhachilla not produced beyond the floret. Anthers 0.8-1.4 mm. long.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: schimperianus: although several other persons named Schimper are known in botanical history most species and genera are likely named after Georg Heinrich Wilhelm Schimper (1804-1878) who collected mainly in Ethiopia.
Habitat: In moist places in mountain grassland, along streams and on river banks, on wet rocks near waterfalls and in gorges.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 338.

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Page 88. As Agrostis schimperana

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 99. As Agrostis capillaris

Other sources of information about Polypogon schimperianus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Polypogon schimperianus
Flora of Malawi: Polypogon schimperianus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Polypogon schimperianus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Polypogon schimperianus
African Plant Database: Polypogon schimperianus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Polypogon schimperianus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Polypogon schimperianus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Polypogon schimperianus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Polypogon schimperianus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Polypogon schimperianus
JSTOR Plant Science: Polypogon schimperianus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Polypogon schimperianus
Plants of the World Online: Polypogon schimperianus
Tropicos: Polypogon schimperianus
Wikipedia: Polypogon schimperianus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Polypogon schimperianus.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=103810, retrieved 22 February 2024

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