Phragmites mauritianus Kunth

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (4)

Phragmites mauritianus

Musola stream at Fibwe, Kasanka National Park
Aug 2008
Photo: K.J. Murphy

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Phragmites communis var. mauritianus (Kunth) Bak.
Phragmites communis var. mossambicensis Anderss.
Phragmites laxiflorus Steud.
Phragmites pungens Hack.
Phragmites vulgaris var. mauritianus (Bak.) Dur. & Schinz
Phragmites vulgaris var. mossambicensis (Anderss.) Dur. & Schinz
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust perennial with long rhizomes. Culms to 7 m, up to 4 cm. in diam., near the base, 0·3-0·9 cm. beneath the panicle, almost bamboo-like, many-noded, terete, erect or sometimes floating, simple or more rarely branched, glabrous, smooth, sheathed. Leaf-sheaths longer than the internodes, imbricate and tight at first, later slipping off the culm, dorsally rounded, striate, glabrous or pilose towards the mouth. Ligule c. 1 mm. long. Leaves: lamina15–100 cm, linear-lanceolate, somewhat auriculate at the base, green, rough beneath (at least towards the apex); apex attenuate, somewhat stiff to ± pungent. Panicle 15–60 cm, green or tinged with purple. Branches usually bare of spikelets for some distance from their base. Pedicels 0·5-10 mm. long, filiform. Spikelets 8–16 mm, usually with 4–8 florets; lower glume 2–4 mm, upper 3–5 mm, ovate to ovate-oblong. Florets 4-8(-11)-flowered. Lower lemma 6–8 mm., lanceolate-oblong to oblong; succeeding lemmas 6–11 mm; callus hairs 4–7 mm. Paleas 2-6 mm. long. Anthers 1·5-2·25 mm. long.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: mauritianus: from Mauritius
Habitat: Along rivers, lakes and dams and in swamps, floodplains and vleis, often growing partially submerged.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa and the Mascarene Is; also in South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 9 May 2017

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 358. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 44.

Fanshawe, D.B. (1972). The Biology of the Reed - Phragmites mauritianus Kunth Kirkia 8(2) Pages 147 - 150. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 54.

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 92 - 94. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 97. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 143.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 152.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 191.

Other sources of information about Phragmites mauritianus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Phragmites mauritianus
Flora of Caprivi: Phragmites mauritianus
Flora of Malawi: Phragmites mauritianus
Flora of Mozambique: Phragmites mauritianus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Phragmites mauritianus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phragmites mauritianus
African Plant Database: Phragmites mauritianus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phragmites mauritianus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phragmites mauritianus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phragmites mauritianus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Phragmites mauritianus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phragmites mauritianus
JSTOR Plant Science: Phragmites mauritianus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phragmites mauritianus
Plants of the World Online: Phragmites mauritianus
Tropicos: Phragmites mauritianus
Wikipedia: Phragmites mauritianus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Phragmites mauritianus., retrieved 19 May 2024

Site software last modified: 10 May 2018 10:51pm
Terms of use