Phragmites mauritianus Kunth

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Phragmites mauritianus

Musola stream at Fibwe, Kasanka National Park
Aug 2008
Photo: K.J. Murphy

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Common names:
Status: Native
Robust perennial with long rhizomes. Culms to 7 m, usually simple. Leaves: lamina15–100 cm, green, rough beneath (at least towards the apex); apex attenuate, somewhat stiff to ± pungent. Panicle 15–60 cm, shape, green or tinged with purple. Spikelets 8–16 mm, usually with 4–8 florets; lower glume 2–4 mm, upper 3–5 mm, ovate to ovate-oblong; lower lemma 6–8 mm. lanceolate-oblong to oblong; succeeding lemmas 6–11 mm; callus hairs 4–7 mm.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: mauritianus: from Mauritius
Habitat: Along rivers, lakes and dams and in swamps, floodplains and vleis, often growing partially submerged.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa and the Mascarene Is; also in South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 9 May 2017

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 358. (Includes a picture).

Fanshawe, D.B. (1972). The Biology of the Reed - Phragmites mauritianus Kunth Kirkia 8(2) Pages 147 - 150. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 54.

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 92 - 94. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 97. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 143.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 152.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 191.

Other sources of information about Phragmites mauritianus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Phragmites mauritianus
Flora of Caprivi: Phragmites mauritianus
Flora of Malawi: Phragmites mauritianus
Flora of Mozambique: Phragmites mauritianus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Phragmites mauritianus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phragmites mauritianus
African Plant Database: Phragmites mauritianus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phragmites mauritianus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phragmites mauritianus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Phragmites mauritianus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Phragmites mauritianus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phragmites mauritianus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Phragmites mauritianus
iNaturalist: Phragmites mauritianus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phragmites mauritianus
JSTOR Plant Science: Phragmites mauritianus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Phragmites mauritianus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Phragmites mauritianus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phragmites mauritianus
Plants of the World Online: Phragmites mauritianus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Phragmites mauritianus
Tropicos: Phragmites mauritianus
Wikipedia: Phragmites mauritianus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Phragmites mauritianus., retrieved 20 September 2019

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