Sartidia angolensis (C.E. Hubb.) De Winter

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Synonyms: Aristida angolensis C. E. Hubb.
Aristida vanderystii sensu Stent & Rattray, non De Wild
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial up to 1-2 m. high, densely caespitose, with numerous intervaginal innovations. Culms erect, c. 2 mm. in diam., simple, very firm, solid, terete, glabrous, striate. Leaf-sheaths lax, smooth, often somewhat glossy, estriate in the lower part, finely puberulous and striate upwards. Ligule a dense rim of short cilia; auricles barbate. Leaf-laminae up to 35 x 0·2-0·4 cm., pilose at the base, densely scaberulous above, finely puberulous below. Panicle up to 40 cm. long, rigid, erect, narrow, slightly contracted, with few spikelets; axis nearly glabrous, striate, compressed, branches solitary or 2-nate, smooth or nearly smooth, bearing 1-few spikelets towards the ends. Spikelets pale-brown to pale-green. Glumes subequal, narrowly linear-lanceolate, chartaceous below, with a membranous acute apex; the inferior 2·5-3·3 cm. long, 5-nerved; the superior c. 2·5 cm. long, 3-nerved. Lemma 1·8-2·2 cm. long (excluding callus and awns), linear, coriaceous, glabrous, very finely scaberulous, margins membranous and involute in the lower part; callus 3·5-4mm. long, elongate, acute, densely and shortly barbate; column absent; awns 3, subequal, 7·5-10 cm. long, scaberulous, flattened and slightly grooved on the inner surface. Palea c. 3 mm. long, oblong. Caryopsis 9 mm. long, linear, dorso-ventrally compressed, grooved, dark-brown.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: angolensis: of Angola
Habitat: In woodlands and burnt places in woodlands, usually on sandy soils
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, north-western south-western Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Launert, E. (1971). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(1) Pages 95 - 97. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 109.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 144.

Other sources of information about Sartidia angolensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sartidia angolensis
Flora of Caprivi: Sartidia angolensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sartidia angolensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sartidia angolensis
African Plant Database: Sartidia angolensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sartidia angolensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sartidia angolensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sartidia angolensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sartidia angolensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sartidia angolensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sartidia angolensis
iNaturalist: Sartidia angolensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sartidia angolensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Sartidia angolensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sartidia angolensis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Sartidia angolensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sartidia angolensis
Plants of the World Online: Sartidia angolensis
Tropicos: Sartidia angolensis
Wikipedia: Sartidia angolensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Sartidia angolensis., retrieved 30 January 2023

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